The Federal Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 - As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was passed by Congress, requiring Federal Marshals to search for slaves whether North or the South to return them to their rightful owners and jailed for anyone that harbor freed slaves that refuse to return them. In response, many Northern states refused to abide by the Federal slave act of 1850 by passing "personal liberty laws."
Bleeding Kansas 1854–1861 - The battle in the Kansas territory between anti and pro-slavery over the dispute whether slavery should existed in Kansas or not. It was opened by the Kansas Nebraska Act in 1854 where slavery should be existed had to be upon the decisions of the American citizens living in Kansas.
Dred Scott Decision - In July 1857, the US Supreme Court ruled that free slaves had no equal rights since they were not considered citizens. This accelerated the slaves escape from the Southern States to free states(despite the slave act passed in 1850) and Canada.
The election of Abraham Lincoln - Abraham Lincoln, an outspoken opponent of slavery, was elected as President of the USA in November of 1860. A month later, the South decided they had enough and secedes from the Union to form the Confederate States of America. The entire Confederate Constitution was built upon the ideas of maintaining white supremacy. When the Civil War started, four more states secede from the Union.
The attack on Fort Sumters by Confederate forces in April of 1861 - Troops from the Confederate military open fire on a Federal property in Ft. Sumters, sparking the initiation of the American Civil War.
First Battle of Bull Run in July 21, 1861 - This was the first great battle of the Civil War. The battle was fought at Manassas Junction near Bull Run Creek, only 30 miles south of Washington, D. C. The North was defeated and retreated to the DC capital. President Lincoln asked for more volunteers.
Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 - Lincoln introduced it as a promise to free the slaves if states were in rebellion against the Federal government.
The Conscription Act of 1863 - Due to shortage of volunteers in the Union army, Congress passed the Conscription Act of 1863, requiring that between 18-45(35 or over married is exempted) male to register for the military draft or face jail time and possibly, execution unless he can furnish a substitute or pay the government $300. Blacks, as the ruling from Dred Scott decision earlier, were exempted as they were not considered citizens. This angered the whites, especially Irish immigrants, that the war was about freeing the slaves and that they would take jobs away from immigrants.
The 1863 New York City Draft Riots - Hundreds of thousand Irish immigrants rioted against the draft then turned into a racial violence when they targeted blacks as well as destruction of property around New York City for days. It ended when US Army troops, fresh off the victory from the Battle of Gettysburg, arrived in New York City to quell down the riot. The draft riots in New York City also triggered similar draft riots other Northern cites like Boston, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Detroit, and Chicago.
Second Battle of Fort Wagner in July 18, 1863 - Black troops from the Federal army, led by white Colonel Robert Shaw, attacked a fort controlled by the Confederates in Fort Wager, South Carolina. The attack on For Wager by Union troops was suppressed. However, after the fort was abandoned two months later, US Congress and Lincoln recognized the bravery of the black troops and authorized the raise of thousands of more black regiments in the Federal army.
Andersonville POW camp - Opened up by Confederates in February of 1864 in Georgia, it was supposed to house 10,000 Union POWs. Instead it was doubled up to 45,000. Over a year later, poor conditions in the camp lead to the deaths of 15,000 Union POWs. It is considered one of the worst POW camps in American history.
Sherman March to the Sea - From November 15 to December 21, 1864, the campaign began with Union troops under the command of General William T. Sherman leaving the captured city of Atlanta, Georgia, on November 16 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21. It inflicted significant damage, particularly to industry and infrastructure (per the doctrine of total war), and also to civilian property. Sherman defied military principles by operating deep within enemy territory and without lines of supply or communication and destroyed much of the South's physical and psychological capacity to wage war.
Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse - General Robert E. Lee's troops from the Confederate military were soon surrounded, and on April 7, 1865, Grant called upon Lee to surrender. On April 9, the two commanders met at Appomattox Courthouse, and agreed on the terms of surrender. The Civil War was finally over.
· 7 years ago