Jake asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 9 years ago

What features were common to all of England's southern colonies and what features were peculiar to each one?

I need some knowledge on this in order to make a chart for a summer assignment. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

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  • 9 years ago
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    Virginia was the first successful southern colony. While Puritan zeal was fueling New England's mercantile development, and Penn's Quaker experiment was turning the middle colonies into America's bread basket, the South was turning to cash crops. Geography and motive rendered the development of these colonies distinct from those that lay to the North.

    Tobacco became the most important crop. Landowners recognized that the Southern Colonies were rich in farmland. The coastal plains and the rolling hills were perfect for raising crops. The rich soil and the warm weather helped the crops thrive. The economy of growing cash crops would require a labor force that would be unknown north of Maryland. Slaves and indentured servants, although present in the North, were much more important to the South. They were the backbone of the Southern economy. By the 1660's, states were passing laws that made slavery legal. These laws stated that slaves were the property of their masters, just like houses and farm animals. The slave codes, as they became known, also stated that any children born to a slave woman were automatically slaves too. They stated that slaves would stay slaves for their entire lives.

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