TMJ can be corrected, not cured, since it is not a disease but an internal derangement. Surgery should only be an option of last resort. Conservative (non surgical) treatment is best done while the jaw is still clicking because that is a sign that the articular disk can still pop back into place. It's when the disk becomes permanently locked out that correction becomes much more difficult.
When you have TMJ a part of the jaw joint called the articular disk is becoming dislocated whenever your teeth are together and it pops back into joint when you open your mouth. This popping in and out of joint causes a clicking or popping sound and is an early stage of TMJ called reciprocal clicking. This is the stage of TMJ where the success rate is the highest and correction should be done. But this stage usually causes no pain so the condition gets ignored until the next stage is reached called intermittent locking. At this stage the disk starts to bind or gets stuck and cannot pop back into joint easily anymore and prevents the mouth from opening more than 3 fingers wide until it pops back into place. This stage is a sign that if treatment is further ignored then a closed lock will take place sometime in the future. A closed lock is when the disk becomes permanently locked out and can no longer go back onto joint.
The most common causes of TMJ are deep overbites (over closure of the jaws), Class II jaws (aka retruded chins), bad bites, a history of head trauma (like whiplash), and having premolars pulled when braces were done, especially in females. Since you haven't had braces yet, the last reason does not apply to you but keep that in mind if any orthodontist wants to have your premolars extracted to make room.
Braces alone cannot fix a TMJ disorder and neither can a traditional orthodontist. Traditional orthodontists are good at shuffling teeth around but that alone will not correct a TMJ disorder. Skeletal changes need to be done as part of TMJ correction and traditional orthodontists do not know how to do these procedures. Traditional orthodontic treatment will make your TMJ condition worse. Forget about Invisalign too. Check this site to find someone near you who can help: www.iaortho.org.
functional orthodontist; treated TMJ since 1983