Loh asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

翻譯關於股票share的文章

這篇是關於股票的文章

但因為stock, share, stake這三個字太像了

所以還是搞不清楚

不用全翻,但是可以幫忙解釋一下嗎?

謝謝大大!!

Stock

◦Corporate capital can be either equity or debt. Equity means ownership; debt means borrowed money. Stock represents equity. Every corporation has its own stock. Stocks of publicly traded companies have unique one-, two-, three- or four-letter symbols that identify them. For example, Boeing's symbol is BA, while Microsoft's symbol is MSFT.

Shares

◦When a corporation issues stock, it decides how many shares to issue. "Stock" therefore more commonly refers to the security of a particular company, whereas "shares" pertains to the number of shares issued by that company. For example, an investor in MSFT may own 100 shares of Microsoft stock. When an investor is said to own two stocks, it means that he owns stocks of two different companies; when an investor is said to own 200 shares, it means 200 shares of the stock of a particular company.

Stake

◦The number of shares indicates the size of a stake in a company. For example, an investor who owns stock in XYZ is a part owner of the corporation; if he owns 10,000 shares of XYZ and there are 1 million shares issued and outstanding, he owns 1 percent of the company---i.e. he has a 1 percent stake.

"Stake" as a part ownership does not have to be in the form of stock. For example, a partnership has units, and an investor who owns units in a partnership owns a stake in that partnership.

Stock-, Share- and Stakeholders

◦"Stockholder" and "shareholder" are virtually synonymous and denote an investor who owns a stake in a corporation. "Stakeholder" has taken on a broader meaning: anyone who has a stake, or interest, in an enterprise. That stake does not have to be in the form of ownership. For example, the employees of a company may be said to be stakeholders even when they are not stockholders, because they have a vested interest in the success of the company on which their well-being depends.

4 Answers

Rating
  • Hsiang
    Lv 5
    9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    我是商業財經專業的...天天要看這種文章...應該能幫你翻的貼切。幫你翻上面那三個也就是你問的。

    Stock

    ◦Corporate capital can be either equity or debt. Equity means ownership; debt means borrowed money. Stock represents equity. Every corporation has its own stock. Stocks of publicly traded companies have unique one-, two-, three- or four-letter symbols that identify them. For example, Boeing's symbol is BA, while Microsoft's symbol is MSFT.

    公司債(其實也可以理解為股票)

    公司資本可以是股票或者債務。股票意指所有權,而債務意指由外借來的資金。股票代表普通股。每間公司都擁有它自己的股票。貿易公司的股票都會有獨一無二的一些符號去定義表示它們例如1,2,3,4。舉個例子,Boeing的符號是BA,而Microsoft的符號則是MSFT。

    Shares

    ◦When a corporation issues stock, it decides how many shares to issue. "Stock" therefore more commonly refers to the security of a particular company, whereas "shares" pertains to the number of shares issued by that company. For example, an investor in MSFT may own 100 shares of Microsoft stock. When an investor is said to own two stocks, it means that he owns stocks of two different companies; when an investor is said to own 200 shares, it means 200 shares of the stock of a particular company.

    股份

    當一間公司發行公司債。它需決定多少股份被發形。

    因此股份非常普遍的意指特定公司的債卷,股份是關於那公司的所發行量。

    舉個例子,一個投資者購買MSFT股票也許擁有公司債的100股份。當一個投資者被說擁有兩個股份時,它意指了他擁有兩個不同公司的股份。而當投資者被說擁有200股份時,它意指了那公司公司債的200股份。

    Stake

    ◦The number of shares indicates the size of a stake in a company. For example, an investor who owns stock in XYZ is a part owner of the corporation; if he owns 10,000 shares of XYZ and there are 1 million shares issued and outstanding, he owns 1 percent of the company---i.e. he has a 1 percent stake.

    股本

    股份的數字指出了在一間公司股本的規模。舉個例子,一投資者在XYZ公司擁有公司債(股票)就是那公司的部份所有人。如果他有著XYZ公司10000的股份以及100萬股份被發行或者未償付款項的話,他則擁有這公司的1%。例: 他有1%的股本

    2012-08-24 23:45:22 補充:

    我在國外上課....也都是直接這樣講的...對於我的理解公司發行債務的stock可以理解成公司債務 也就是你需要去發行去得到資金。所以我說股票也對。你說的bond也對 但我們都講securities

    Source(s): 自己
  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

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  • ?
    Lv 6
    9 years ago

    Thanks to Eri's clarification. 債權 is never 股權.

  • eri
    Lv 5
    9 years ago

    ‧Stock-股票

    公司的資本可能是來自權益或債權。權益代表對公司的所有權;債權代表向外借款。所以擁有Stock-股票就代表擁有公司的所有權。

    每家公司都有自己的Stock-股票。在公開市場交易的公司有他自己獨特的1~4字的字母代號來代表公司。

    波音公司的代號是BA;微軟的代號是MSFT。 (美國)

    (台灣~~台積電代號是2330,鴻海2317這樣子)

    (Stock比較廣義,在講股票本身)

    ‧Shares-股份

    當一家公司發行股票,要決定發行多少Share-股份。

    Stock通常代表某一家公司的權益證券

    例如,一個微軟的投資者可能擁有100shares股的微軟stock股票。

    當一個投資者說他擁有two stocks,表示他擁有兩家不同公司的股票。

    當一個投資者說他擁有200 shares,表示他擁有某家公司200股的股票。

    (Share比較狹義,是股票的單位)

    ‧Stake-股權、持股比例

    股份的數量顯示對一家公司的持股比例。

    例如,一個投資者擁有XYZ公司的股票,他就擁有XYZ公司的部份所有權。

    如果他擁有1萬shares-股的XYZ公司股票,而XYZ公司已發行100萬shares-股且流通在外,

    他就擁有公司的1%所有權。也就是1%的股權or持股比例。

    (Stake是在一家公司中,擁有幾%的股權)

    ‧Stockholders 股東, Shareholders股東, and Stakeholders 利益相關者

    Stockholders 和 Shareholders 是實質的代名詞,表示一個投資者擁有一家公司的股權。(兩個意思一樣)

    Stakeholders 比較廣義,表示在一家企業中,擁有利益的人。這邊的stake不是實質上的所有權。

    例如,公司員工可以說他是利益相關者,但他不是股東。

    2012-08-24 23:05:58 補充:

    (公司債和債券是bonds 不是stocks....)

    2012-08-26 15:25:17 補充:

    一家公司的債權(債券)和股權(股票)就是不一樣的。

    發行股票和債券都是公司籌措資金的方式,

    擁有債券(債權)是擁有對公司的請求權,

    如果公司解散時,債權人擁有第一順位的請求權。

    擁有股票(股權)是擁有對公司的所有權,等於是公司的所有人(老闆),

    當公司解散時,是要就出資額來清償債務的。

    在會計上,債權是寫在負債科目,股權是在權益科目,是完全不一樣的。

    也許在國外是可以講發行債務的stock沒錯。但這債務的stock本身還是債權。

    這篇文章既然是在講"所有權",就是在講股權,也就是股票。

    跟債券是沒有關係的。

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