Even if you have a full black ink cartridge, in order to print with black ink, the color ink cartridges have to have ink in them. They can't be empty or real low
WITH MOST PRINTERS, you are required to have ink in both the black and color ink cartridges in order to print in black as they work in conjunction with each other. So you will need to have the both color and black ink cartridges with ink, the same thing applies for color. It also is used as a lubricant that also helps to prevent print head damage.
EDIT:Your ink cartridge is low, empty or possibly clogged
First step is to see will if it print a test page
Go to Start, settings, printers. Right click on the printer, properties, print test page.
If that doesn't work there should be a head cleaning option in properties that will make it clean the print heads.
If the ink cartridge is still clogged, saturate a q-tip with alcohol
and lightly rub the print head
If there is still nothing after that then either it’s badly clogged, low or out of ink, and needs to be replaced