I'll only list royal families that are still in power (as opposed to pretenders/exiled monarchs) some in the list are absolute monarchs (They hold all the power), most are constitutional monarchs (they trust a government with their power) and two are special cases (I'll clarify later).
Contemporary monarchies include:
Belgium (King Albert),
Bhutan (King Jigme),
Bahrain (King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifah),
Cambodia ( King Norodom Sihamoni),
Canada (Queen Elizabeth),
Denmark (Queen Margrethe),
Japan (Emperor Akihito),
Jordan (King Abdullah),
Kuwait (Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah),
Liechtenstein (Prince Hans-Adam),
Lesotho (King Letsie),
Luxembourg (Grand Duke Henri),
Malaysia (King Abdul Halim of Kedah),
Monaco (Prince Albert),
Morocco (King Mohammed),
The Netherlands (Queen Beatrix),
Norway (King Harald),
Spain (King Juan Carlos),
Swaziland (King Mswati),
Sweden (King Carl XVI Gustaf),
Thailand (King Bhumibol Adulyadej),
And the United Kingdom and Commonwealth realms (All Queen Elizabeth).
The Commonwealth Realms are countries that used to be in the British Empire but now they accept Queen Elizabeth as their monarch. They include: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Island.
Here are some examples of Absolute monarchies: Brunei, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Swaziland. Pope Benedict is sometimes referred to as an absolute monarch but I think he fits into the next category. (See next paragraph)
The two special cases are the Vatican City and the Principality of Andorra. The Pope is often counted as an elected monarch as he holds significant power in the Vatican and he's elected. Andorra counts a bishop and the current President of France (François Hollande) as Co-Princes of Andorra. This may also be counted as an elected monarchy (or technically a duarchy because there are two princes, not one for a monarchy). The Co Princes of Andorra are elected at different times though.
Most constitutional monarchies employ a parliamentary system in which the monarch may have strictly ceremonial duties or may have reserve powers, depending on the constitution. Under most modern constitutional monarchies there is also a prime minister who is the head of government and exercises effective political power.
I'm bound to have missed some monarchies and royal families, lots of Middle Eastern countries have various sultans, sultanas and emirs (particularly the United Arab Emirates). I think I've listed 95% of them though, there's also a few minor and feudal sultans like Ternate.
There are some pretenders and exiled royals. The King of the Hellenes (King Constantine of Greece), the former Empress Consort of Iran (Farah Pahlavi) etc...
I had to think of all of the Kings, Queens and other rulers for myself though.
· 7 years ago