what is hydrogen chloride?

Is hydrochloric acid the same as hydrogen chloride if i add water?

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  • Anonymous
    7 years ago
    Best Answer

    Hydrogen Chloride, or “HCl”, is a chemical compound made up of hydrogen and chlorine. It is a by-product of the process used by Hemlock Semiconductor Corporation in the manufacture of polycrystalline silicon metal for the semiconductor and solar cell industries. It is recovered and shipped to Dow Corning where it is used in the manufacture of various compounds.

    Hydrogen Chloride is a colorless gas, but if accidentally released to the atmosphere, it may form a visible, fog-like cloud. When mixed with water, including moisture in the air, it will form hydrochloric acid, a corrosive compound.

    Hydrogen Chloride is non-flammable.

    Hydrogen Chloride has a sharp disagreeable odor, even at low concentrations

    The hydrogen Chloride and hydrochloric acid are not same. The water added hydrogen chloride with chemical reaction below:

    Hydrogen chloride is a diatomic molecule, consisting of a hydrogen atom H and a chlorine atom Cl connected by a covalent single bond. Since the chlorine atom is much more electronegative than the hydrogen atom, the covalent bond between the two atoms is quite polar. Consequently, the molecule has a large dipole moment with a negative partial charge δ– at the chlorine atom and a positive partial charge δ+ at the hydrogen atom. In part because of its high polarity, HCl is very soluble in water .

    Upon contact, H2O and HCl combine to form hydronium cations H3O+ and chloride anions Cl– through a reversible chemical reaction:

    HCl + H2O → H3O+ + Cl–

    The resulting solution is called "hydrochloric acid" and is a strong acid.

  • 7 years ago

    Hydrogen chloride is a gas.

    When you dissolve hydrogen chloride in water the result is hydrochloric acid.

  • 3 years ago

    1. HCl is just not soluble in methyl benzene 2. HCl which is dissolved exist mainly as ions. These Ions in resolution act to hold current. If not a lot is dissolved it can't conduct electrical power. The essential equations are HCl(soln) -> H+ + Cl- HCl(Soln) -> HCl(g) the second is the extra principal, and determines how much HCl is in answer

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