有關past simple passive 的英文問題

我英文班出ㄉ英文功課好難

請英文好ㄉ大大幫我回答下面ㄉ問題

順便告訴我一些我不懂ㄉ地方~

題目:

一.Write past simple passive questions.

(例)1. an email / send / yesterday

Ans: Was an email sent yesterday?

2. your house / paint / last year

3. who /the book / write / by

4. the printer / switch off / this morning

5. where / the tigers / see / yesterday

6. what / Roman houses / make / with

7. when/ the history museum / build

8. football / play / everywhere / 100 years ago

9. who / your bedroom / clean / by

10. where / gold / find / in 1849

__________________________________________________________________

1.past simple passive 意思是甚麼??

2.上面英文句子答案ㄉ共通點是甚麼??

(您是怎麼完成上面問題ㄉ??)

3.「過去分詞」是指甚麼??

4.「現在簡單式」是甚麼??

希望可以詳細一點,謝謝!!!

1 Answer

Rating
  • 8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    A.

    時態有三態,有些動詞三態規則,有些則不規則

    look - looked- looked

    set - set - set (三態都一樣的,這種要特別注意)

    send - sent - sent

    drink - drank - drunk

    這我沒辦法幫你,請靠自己去記了(網路找會有更多的)

    1) 原型

     動詞最基本型態

     碰到情狀助動詞、do /does /did在前面時,動詞就會被還原成原形

    2) 過去簡單式 (Past Simple Tense)

     促使動詞時態表過去式

     通常一般動詞在使用 → 表達時態用

    3) 過去分詞 (Past Participle 簡稱P.P.)

     have / has / had + P.P. → 表達時態為完成式..... 這助動詞翻譯≠有

     be動詞 + P.P. → 表達被動

     be動詞 + Ving → 表達主動

    * be動除了可當動詞使用 (如he is my friend) 翻譯為"是"

     還可以當助動詞 (通常用來造句子主動態、被動態)

    B.

    句子可分為主動態 (active)、被動態 (passive)

    通常我們常接觸到的是主動態

    這10個題目,注意主詞都為名詞,都是「事物」

    看到第一題,email = 信件,send = 寄送

    你覺得信件有可能自己就能寄送嗎?

    根據這點就可以決定要用主動,還是被動態

    C.問句

    看例題可能要你全改問句 所以.... 我補充說明這部份

    (補充於意見)

    (紅字為解答)

    1. An email was sent yesterday

    => Was an email sent yesterday?

    把be動詞(或助動) 丟到最前面就搞定囉~~

    yesterday (昨天) → 導致動詞過去簡單式

    相關的還有 last year. last month. last night

    第三人稱單數、第一人稱單數 be動用was

    其他都用were

    2. Your house was painted last year.

    => Was your house painted last year?

    3. The book was written by ?????(人)

    => Who was the book written by? (非正式場合或口語用法

    =>By whom was the book written?

    講求句子好看,通常介係詞會丟到這來

    注意! 當你用whom時,就一定要這樣子,其他疑問詞是沒關係,

    雖然你也可以用by who,不過by who比較口語

    4. The printer(印表機) was switched off this morning

    => Was the printer switched off this morning?

     switch off是一組的,表達"開關切掉"

    5. The tigers were seen ?????(地方) yesterday.

     (被動式另外判別方式,就是看及物動詞,假若沒受詞,可能就為被動

    => Where were the tiger seen yesterday?

    6. Roman houses were made with ?????? (事物).

    => What were Roman made with ?

    7. The history museum was built ????? (時).

    => When was the history museum built?

    build. invent. create這些動詞,

    通常我們會直接用過去式,表示發生過的事情

    8. Football was played everywhere 100 years ago

    => Was football played everywhere 100 years ago?

    100 years ago = 100年前

    你有機會到youtube看影片,會看見留言旁邊附註時間+ago

    也是同理

    9. Your bedroom was cleaned by ????? (人).

     By whom was your bedroom cleaned?

    10. Gold(黃金) was found ????? (地) in 1849

     Where was gold found in 1849?

    2012-07-15 03:15:05 補充:

    C.問句

    1) Simple Question (回答用yes/no)

    助動詞開頭 :

     May I help you? ..... (看到了嗎? help用原型)

     Have you been here?...... (be用P.P.

     Do you know him? ....... (know為原型

    be動詞開頭 :

     Was the email sent yesterday? ( P.P. → 被動

     Are you kidding? ..... ( Ving.→主動

    2012-07-15 03:15:10 補充:

    2) Information Question (回答依照問的方向去回答

    通常這問句可以稱為wh問句 (因為疑問詞幾乎是wh開頭,只有how例外

    句型就有點像是wh疑問詞,跟剛剛那問句接軌而已

     ????? is my friend → who is my friend?

     He is ????? → how is he?

     I slept ???? (時間) → When did I sleep?

     ???(人) are my favorite singers → who is my favorite singer?

    註:what跟who用來問主詞是誰,則視為單數

    2012-07-15 03:16:50 補充:

    5. tiger 應為 tigers

    6. Roman 應為 Roman houses

    Source(s): 以上僅供初學者參考,有問題→補充意見,感恩~~~~
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