桀特 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

英文感官動詞的被動~

我找了英文文法書

主動: S+感官動詞+O+V/Ving/p.p

被動: S+be-V+感官動詞p.p+to V(若主動態為S+感官動詞+O+VR)

S+be-V+感官動詞p.p+Ving(若主動態為S+感官動詞+O+Ving)

例如:I saw a thief enter the house.

(被動) A thief was seen to enter the house.

I saw a thief entering the house.

(被動) A thief was seen entering the house.

看到這邊,我覺得好像少了什麼。我想問這樣 S+感官動詞+O+p.p的句型 可以有被動嗎?(以O為主詞) 形如S+be-V+感官動詞p.p+p.p 之類的句子.....

例如主動句為:I have never heared him made fun of (by others)

可以改成由 He 為開頭的被動句嗎?

小弟孤陋寡聞,還請各位多多指點。

Update:

歹勢我想問的像這樣~(主動) I watched the cat run over by a truck.我目睹貓被卡車撞死了。

(被動) The cat was watched run over by a truck. 這樣合理嗎?

Update 2:

1.所以結論是 watch和notice的被動式,不能接 不定詞/現在分詞

(主動)I noticed/watched the girl walk/walking across the street.

(錯誤) The girl was noticed/watched to walk across the street (by me).

(錯誤) The girl was noticed/watched walking across the street (by me). 是這樣嗎??

那是否還能用The girl 開頭呢?

Update 3:

2.其次「hear, see」是需要特別考慮的動詞。原來的受詞補語是過去分詞時,不能將它們改寫成被動的句子,所以I have never heard him made fun of (by others) 就不能用 He was made….改寫

Update 4:

那其他的動詞(如watch,notice,listen to,observe,behold…..) 原來受詞補語是過去分詞時,可以改寫為被動的句子嗎? 如The cat was watched run over by a truck. 這樣行得通嗎?

The cat was watched being run over by a truck. 這樣正確嗎? (同時發生)

真的非常感謝各位英文高手!!! @@

1 Answer

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    9 years ago
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    hear, see等+賓語+過去分詞

    在這個結構裡,過去分詞含有被動意義

    I heard my name repeated several times.= My name was repeated.

    Have you ever see a television thrown through a window?

    As I watched the tree being cut down ... (表示看與砍這兩件事同時進行)

    I woke up to hear the bedroom door being opened slowly.(表示聽與開門同時進行)

    這些結構不可以用在hear和see的被動形式之後。

    請參見Michael Swan著<牛津英語用法指南>第二版p.342

    所以主動句:I have never heard him made fun of (by others)

    不能改寫成以he為主詞,後面用過去分詞的被動句。

    2012-07-06 14:02:34 補充:

    更正:Have you ever seen a televison ....

    漏打了一個字母n

    2012-07-06 14:20:12 補充:

    在同書第341頁註明

    hear, see等+受詞+無to的不定詞/分詞

    這種結構可以用在hear或see的被動形式之後,但不定詞要有to在前面。

    He was never heard to say 'thank you' in his life.

    She was seen walking away from the accident.

    Justice must not only be done; it must be seen to be done.

    所以hear, see是需要特別考慮的動詞。原來的受詞補語是過去分詞時,不能將它們改寫成被動的句子。

    2012-07-06 14:30:28 補充:

    同書第341頁註明

    watch和notice的被動式,不能接不定詞/分詞。

    這兩個動詞也是要特別考慮的,和hear,see的用法不同。

    2012-07-06 14:31:45 補充:

    更正:watch和notice的被動式,不能接不定詞/現在分詞。

    2012-07-16 17:40:04 補充:

    The cat was watched being run over by a truck. 不正確

    請參閱<遠東新世紀英漢辭典>p.1561

    與see不同,watch沒有這種被動語態寫法

    只有主動寫法(接bare infinitive,或分詞)

    I sat there, watching the sun come up.

    I learned by watching someone do it.

    Sje stood watching people passing by.

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