請問3題選擇題的文法

Mr. Johnson asked __________ since he had been chairman for seven years in this company.

(1)to not be re-elected (2)not to be re-elected

(3)not to have been re-elected (4) to have not been re-elected

因為我英文很爛 .看不懂(2)(4)選項的差別.可否說明一下這題所考的文法

The CEO might be _____________ an asset to his company.

(1)so much of a distraction but could be (2) as much of a distraction as he is

(3)so much to be a distraction as that he can be (4) as much distracted as possible he is

麻煩說明一下這題所考的文法

____________ any problem regarding the contract, please do not hesitate to contact us for further clarification.

(1)If you have had (2) If you could have (3)Should you have (4) If you should have had

這題答案是3.我看書寫說Should you have 是未來假設的省略

但我不懂的是,書中寫說Should + S +V , S+wound(或will....)+V

please do not hesitate to contact us for further clarification

....此句中並未看到wound(或will....)等助動詞....為什麼能用未來假設?

Update:

補充一下 第一題答案並不是3 而是2

Update 2:

另外.很抱歉 因為我太白癡

所以我看不太懂

Louis大師 您的第2題的說明

可否用更簡單的話讓我明白

3 Answers

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    Mr. Johnson asked __________ since he had been chairman for seven years in this company.

    (1)to not be re-elected (2)not to be re-elected

    (3)not to have been re-elected (4) to have not been re-elected

    因為我英文很爛 .看不懂(2)(4)選項的差別.可否說明一下這題所考的文法

    to be re-elected是簡單式不定詞,表示re-elect尚未發生

    to have been re-elected是完成式不定詞,表示re-elect己經發生了

    兩者加not時,都應該放在前面,第(4)項的寫法錯誤,第(3)項才是正確的

    但第(3)的內容才符合上下文的內容和邏輯。

    本題在考不定詞的用法.

    The CEO might be _____________ an asset to his company.

    (1)so much of a distraction but could be (2) as much of a distraction as he is

    (3)so much to be a distraction as that he can be (4) as much distracted as possible he is

    麻煩說明一下這題所考的文法

    too much of a something (to do something)用在saying that someone or something is too bad, good, dangerous etc to do something,表示程度太過。

    在本題這裡的much of xxx用法與上面類似,但是前後兩個子句在等量的比較,所以寫作 he might be as much of xxx as he is xxx

    這位執行長是公司的資產,但恐怕也是distraction。

    這裡用distraction有點奇怪,因為和asset無法形成對比,內容不符邏輯。寫成debit可能比較合適。

    ____________ any problem regarding the contract, please do not hesitate to contact us for further clarification.

    (1)If you have had (2) If you could have (3)Should you have (4) If you should have had

    這題答案是3.我看書寫說Should you have 是未來假設的省略

    這是說話者給一個他認為將來不太可能發生的狀況,所以用了假設語氣的should you have。也可以寫作If you should have any problem....

    但我不懂的是,書中寫說Should + S +V , S+wound(或will....)+V

    please do not hesitate to contact us for further clarification

    ....此句中並未看到would(或will....)等助動詞....為什麼能用未來假設?

    因為在結果句裡才會用到假設語氣的would ....(表示未來不會有這種結果),但這裡只給了條件子句,沒有結果子句,所以見不到would ...。條件子句後面所連結的是一個祈使句,說話者提出要求。說話者認為未來不太可能出現這種狀況,所以用了假設語氣的過去式should have來當條件子句動詞後,改用祈使語氣動詞來下指令。

    2012-07-06 08:54:37 補充:

    distraction=使人分心的事物

    只就本句的內容來看,我不覺得可以和assest(資產)相提並論,兩者之間看不出關連性和對照性。

    2012-07-15 21:29:31 補充:

    更正:第一題的答案應是(2) not to be re-elected

    =不要再被選上

    這是不定詞片語當動詞asked的受詞,屬名詞性質。

    用簡單式不定詞,因為他還未再被選上。

    如果用完成式不定詞not to have been re-elected,則表示他己經再被選上了,但這不符全句的邏輯。

    我看走眼了。對不起。

    2012-07-15 21:33:32 補充:

    第二題句義應該是這個執行長既是公司的資產,也是公司的負債。

    所以優點和缺點互相抵銷了。

    這樣內容才比較合理。

    因為distraction和assest的內容不是這種關係,所以我覺得有點奇怪。

  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

    到下面的網址看看吧

    ▶▶http://*****/

  • 阿霹
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    第一題選項2看起來蠻正常的

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