20th Century Opposing Views? I usually would never ask for help from google but I really need help.?

Part 1: India and Pakistan

1.1 After India gained its independence from Britain, what two opposing views/groups caused tension in India?

1.2 What happened to India as a result of the tensions between the two main groups? What country was created?

1.3 Describe the relationship between India and Pakistan, what piece of land has caused continual violence between the two nations?

Part II: Apartheid in South Africa

2.1 What is apartheid?

2.2 What group suffered under apartheid in South Africa?

2.3 Who were two leaders that helped bring an end to apartheid in South Africa?

2.4 How did the international community respond to the South African policy of apartheid?

Part III: Israeli Arab Conflict

3.1 Describe how the conflict between Israel and its Arab neighbors begin?

3.2 What was one consequence of the creation of the State of Israel on the Arab Palestinians who lived in the region?

3.3 How did the Six Day War affect the territory held by Israel?

3.4 What effect did the Six Day War have on the relationship between Israel and Palestinian extremist?

3.5 What action did President Sadat of Egypt take in 1979 that surprised the other Arab nations in the Middle East? What did Egypt get in return?

Part 4: Armenia

4.1: What is Genocide>

4.2: Who were the two opposing sides during the two Armenian Genocides?

4.3: Why were the Armenian people targeted for destruction by the Turks in the 1890's?

4.4: Why were the Armenian people targeted again by the Turks after the end of the Cold War?

Part 5: Bosnia

5.1: Prejudice between which two groups re-emerged after the end of the Cold War?

5.2: What is ethnic cleansing?

5:3: What was the international response to the genocide in Bosnia?

Part 6: Rwanda

6.1: The Genocide in Rwanda was the result of conflict between what ethic groups?

6.2: What was the international response reaction to the Genocide in Rwanda?

6.3: How many people died during the genocide in Rwanda?

4 Answers

  • 9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    Part 1:

    1.1 Indian Hindu muslim conflict.

    1.2 The aftermath of the violence resulted in the assassination of Gandhi and the formation of Bangladesh.

    1.3 India and Pakistan are rivals today. Tensions are high, and near war conditions exist between those two countries. Kashmiris land dispute the center of this conflict.

    Part II:

    2.1 Apartheid is a policy (or system) of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race enforced through legislation.

    2.2 Colored ethnicities were the main target of apartheid in South Africa

    2.3 Nelson Mandela and Frederik Willem de Klerk often known as F. W. de Klerk.

    2.4 South Africa's policies were subject to international scrutiny and faced internationa campaign and pressure to end the apartheid, and in cultural and sports they faced isolation.

    Part III:

    3.1 Arab- Jewish coflict has it roots back to the start of Islam. Islam's prophet Muhammad flasely accuse Jews of conspiring to kill him and then filled the Koran with anti-Jewish propaganda. The current conflict is an extension to that.

    The current state level conflict between the Arabs and Jews started adoption by the United Nations of Resolution 181 in November 1947 and the declaration of the State of Israel in May 1948.

    3.2 There was internal conflict, violence and massacres between Arabs and Jewish settlers.

    3.3 Israel expanded the territory it had control over. Israel captured the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria.

    3.4 Jerusalem has been a prime target for attacks by militant groups against civilian targets since 1967. Many Jewish neighborhoods have been fired upon from Arab areas. The proximity of the Arab areas. Attacks on diplomatic missions and Israelis abroad started, and even sports teams and civila commercial airlines were attacked and hijacked.

    3.5 Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty was signed by Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin in Washington, DC, United States, on 26 March 1979, following the Camp David Accords. He got mutual recognition of each country by the other, the cessation of the state of war that had existed since the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and the complete withdrawal by Israel of its armed forces and civilians from the rest of the Sinai Peninsula which Israel had captured during the 1967 Six-Day War.

    Part 4:

    4.1: Genocide is defined as "the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious, or national group" coined by Polish-Jewish lawyer, a Holocaust survivor himself, Raphael Lemkin.

    4.2: Turkey was the perpetrator, the Armenian population of Turkey was the victim.

    4.3: The Ottoman empire was crumbling, Armenians' demanding equal rights, the Ottoman Turks believed that the Empire's Islamic rule and even its very existence were threatened, and since the Armenains were more educated, and skilled, they were viewed and a danger that needs to be eliminated.

    4.4: End of cold war? Or did you mean the end of World War I? If it was World War I, then it was because again, the Ottoman Turks viewed Armenians as danger and even went to accusing them of treason, siding with Russian army which destroyed the Turkish army. A baseless accusation that lacked validity. After the cold war? Armenians already had autonomous state in the former Sovient Union.

    Part 5:

    5.1: The main belligerents were Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian Croats.

    5.2: Ehtnic cleansing is the elimination of an unwanted ethnic or religious group from a society or territory, by another group, using forced migration, killing or displacement or all.

    5:3: At first, nothing was done, but after the marketplace in Sarajevo was struck by a Serb mortar shell in February 6, 1994, The U.S. under President Bill Clinton issue an ultimate through NATO demanding that the Serbs withdraw their artillery from Sarajevo. The Serbs quickly complied and a NATO-imposed cease-fire in Sarajevo was declared. Bosnian Serbs also attacked the U.N. peacekeepers as well. NATO forces responded by launching limited air strikes against Serb ground positions. On August 30, 1995, military intervention began as the U.S. led a massive NATO bombing campaign in response to the killings at Srebrenica.

    Part 6:

    6.1: It was the result of conflict between the minority Tutsi, who had controlled power for centuries, and the majority Hutu.

    6.2: At first, like any other conflicts like this, numerous UN Security Council members were reluctant to have the UN become involved. In addition, the UN peacekeepers were sent with specific instructions not to interfere unless a fellow peacekeeper or self was in danger. Belguim asked for mandate, and then the French parliament and then the US and others responded.

    6.3: Up to 800,000 Tutsis were killed by Hutu militia, with as many as 10,000 killed each day.

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    5 years ago

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