? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

英文文法和翻譯

1. By the time the ancient Egyptian civilization began to flourish more than 5000 years ago, the onion _______ a staple food throughout the Middle East for many years.(1) 翻譯?(2) 前、後兩句文意好像不相關,可是文法(過去完成式、過去式)卻有關?(3) 選項中 had already been 和has already been 我選不出來,答案是had already been,為什麼? P4題庫(b) 5.I have stayed in this lovely country for a week now, and I would like to stay longer, but I must leave tonight.(1)and和but都是連接詞,連接詞接兩個句子,可是這邊只有三句,如何判斷那一個連接詞是連接兩句的?另外一個連接詞只接一句嗎? P5題庫(b) 6.Ishall not take the examinations until I have completed the work.(1)翻譯?(2)用未來式,另一邊應該用現在式才對,為什麼用完成式? P5題庫(b) 7.When I asked him if he was telling the truth, he _______:“I don’t know what you mean?”(1) When I asked him if he was telling the truth, he _______:(翻譯?)(2) when和if都是連接詞,翻譯要從何翻起?(3)紅色那句的文法,請說明一下?(4)空格的選項中,有(a) has replied (b) was replying (c) replies (d) replied 答案是(d) ,為什麼? P5題庫(b)

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. By the time the ancient Egyptian civilization began to flourish more than 5000 years ago, the onion _______ a staple food throughout the Middle East for many years.(1) 翻譯?

    五千多年前,古埃及文明開始發達,但早在這之前,洋蔥就已經是中東地區的主要食物。 (2) 前、後兩句文意好像不相關,可是文法(過去完成式、過去式)卻有關?

    兩年無關的事,在比較時間早晚而已。過去完成式比過去式早。 (3) 選項中 had already been 和has already been 我選不出來,答案是had already been,為什麼?

    因為是在過去式began之前,故用過去完成式had already been。 5.I have stayed in this lovely country for a week now, and I would like to stay longer, but I must leave tonight.(1)and和but都是連接詞,連接詞接兩個句子,可是這邊只有三句,如何判斷那一個連接詞是連接兩句的?另外一個連接詞只接一句嗎? P5題庫(b) and讓第二個子句與第一個子句的語意同方向,but 讓第三個子句與第二個子句不同方向 。 6.Ishall not take the examinations until I have completed the work.(1)翻譯?

    我要做完這個工作之後,才去考試。

    我做完這個工作前,不會去考試。(2)用未來式,另一邊應該用現在式才對,為什麼用完成式? P5題庫(b)

    提供時間座標的副詞子句可以用現在式或現在完成式。這裡的語意是因為要有了結果之後,所以用現在完成式。 7.When I asked him if he was telling the truth, he _______:“I don’t know what you mean?”(1) When I asked him if he was telling the truth, he _______:(翻譯?)當我問他講的話是否屬實時,他回答說:我聽不懂你的意思。

    (2) when和if都是連接詞,翻譯要從何翻起?

    if...帶出的是一個當直接受詞的名詞子句,when所帶出的才是提供主要子句時間點的附屬子句。when的地位比if要高 。所以要從when翻起。(3)紅色那句的文法,請說明一下?

    副詞子句在前,主要子句在後。 (4)空格的選項中,有(a) has replied (b) was replying (c) replies (d) replied 答案是(d) ,為什麼? P5題庫(b)

    因為要和附屬子句的asked時態取得一致。兩者同時發生。

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    6 years ago

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