Well, aside from the answer above about "panem et circenses" (Bread and Circuses) which is how the Romans would control the population there are a couple more to add.
The Hunger Games itself can be compared to the battle of Gladiators in Ancient Rome inside their amphitheaters or coliseums. Where warriors or chosen prisoners fight to death, usually by the order of the King or whoever is in power, as mirrored by the game makers and of course by Snow.
Meanwhile the pursuit of freedom by the people of Panem against the tyrants of the rulers can be associated to the birth of democracy - Athen by the way is the birthplace of democracy concerning world history.
Meanwhile, Snow's prerogative of using the Hunger Games as a reminder of how peace was restored in their land and how it keeps the country for another war or revolution, depicts one of the most appealing idealism during the Renaissance Era by famed philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli, according to him, "the end justifies the means". Words that are until present upon debate on its justification on modern times.
Furthermore, Katniss and Peeta's act of attempted suicide as star-crossed lovers depicts major events famous in literature across history. Comparable to Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet, where lovers resort to death in order to escape the inevitable.
That's all I can give for now. If in case you still need more, don't hesitate to send me an email or just comment on my answer. I hope that I was of help! :D
· 7 years ago