請詳解英文文法,能舉例者佳

請問1. Neither the employer nor the employees would spare their efforts to settle the dispute by negotiations. (Neither..nor..為何不用 his?是因為 efforts 複數型? 可否將 efforts 視為1個集合名詞供單個人用?)2. Peter has been an honest man up to the present and intends to remain such for the rest of his life. (such 可否改成 that?)3. He was a brave soldier and died as such (such 可否改成 that?)4. John often tells lies; he is anything but honest. (為何不用 everything? 習慣用法還是有其他原因?)5. I tried to phone her two or three times, but every time there was no reply (為何不用 each?)

感謝各位大大的幫忙 贈20點

4 Answers

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  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. Neither the employer nor the employees would spare their efforts to settle the dispute by negotiations. (Neither..nor..為何不用 his?是因為 efforts 複數型? 可否將 efforts 視為1個集合名詞供單個人用?)

    neither....nor所搭配的動詞或名詞的數, 以較接近者為準, 本句以較接近的employees為準, 故用their.

    2. Peter has been an honest man up to the present and intends to remain such for the rest of his life. (such 可否改成 that?)

    不可用that.

    關鍵在於that只能用於特定的人事物, 而such用於不特定者, 本句an honest man是不特定人(用了不定冠詞a/an), 只能用such.

    用that舉例:

    Mike is the champion and will always remain that.

    此句the champion(用了定冠詞the, 屬特定人事物), 後面用that而不用such.

    3. He was a brave soldier and died as such (such 可否改成 that?)

    不可用that, 理由同2.

    用that舉例:

    He was the bravest soldier and died as that.

    最高級意味唯一(定冠詞the), 所以用that而不用such.

    4. John often tells lies; he is anything but honest. (為何不用 everything? 習慣用法還是有其他原因?)

    約翰常說謊, 他什麼都好只是不誠實.

    be anything but 是用於人的習慣用法, 畢竟everything不宜作為人的補語, 不過倒是可用於事物, 例如:

    He will tell me everything but your secret. <---此句用anything也對.

    5. I tried to phone her two or three times, but every time there was no reply (為何不用 each?)

    each用於多個相同性質的每一個單位, 例如一堆橘子的每一個.

    every用於多件未盡相同的每一件, 例如訪問某地的每一次.

    本句由於每次打電話的情境未盡相同, 用every較適當, 但也可用each來表示千篇一律.

    Source(s): 羅莉 - 英文文法
  • 阿昌
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    1。無論是雇主或員工將不遺餘力地努力通過談判解決爭端。

    2。彼得一直是一個誠實的人,至目前為止,並打算繼續為餘生。

    3。他是一個勇敢的戰士,這種死亡

    4。約翰經常撒謊,他是什麼,但誠實。

    5。我試著打電話給她兩三次,但每次都沒有答复

  • 8 years ago

    1.羅莉大的解答正確,高興大大的我很懷疑001,002

    2.又=>He is everything to me.他是我的全部

    這句話對盃?

  • 8 years ago

    1. neither...nor...是以最接近動詞的那個名詞作為主詞, 以此句為例, 就是the employees, 是複數, 所以所有格代名詞要配合用複數

    2, 3. 是一樣的, such有"這個身份", "上述的人事物", "這樣的人事物"的意思, 以such來代表上述的"an honest man", "a brave soldier"

    2012-05-15 09:52:21 補充:

    4. John often tells lies; he is anything but honest.

    我相信你已經知道這句話的意思, 就不多講.

    只說說用anything, everything的不同

    用anything時, John可以是handsome, or smart, or diligent, or...

    而用everything時, John就是handsome, and smart, and diligent, and...

    any是表示任一, 而every則是包含全部

    2012-05-15 10:10:43 補充:

    5. I tried to phone her two or three times, but every time there was no reply (為何不用 each?)

    我打了2, 3次電話給她, 但是"每次都"沒人接

    如果用each time則是強調各別的時間, 在此處不太適合

    例: I cannot help crying each time when I see the movie.

    我"每一次"看這部電影都忍不住流淚

    如要強調各別的每一次, 才用each time

    若是單純的每次都怎樣, 就用every time

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