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asdf asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

有誰能夠幫忙翻譯一下有關morphology的縮寫?

有誰能夠幫忙翻譯一下有關morphology的縮寫?

Part of Speech (Columns 1 and 2) V-verb

N-noun

D-adverb

A-adjective

RA-article

RD-demonstrative pronoun

RI-interrogative/ indefinite pronoun

RP-personal/possessive pronoun

RR-relative pronoun

P-preposition

C-conjunction

I-interjection

X-particle

Person (Column 3)

1-1st person

2-2nd person

3-3rd person

Tense (Column 4)

P-present

I-imperfect

F-future

A-aorist

X-perfect

Y-pluperfect

Voice (Column 5)

A-active

M-middle

P-passive

Mood (Column 6)

I-indicative

D-imperative

S-subjunctive

O-optative

N-infinitive

P-participle

Case (Column 7)

N-nominative

V-vocative

A-accusative

G-genitive

D-dative

Number (Column 8)

S-singular

P-plural

Gender (Column 9)

M-masculine

F-feminine

N-neuter

Comparison (Column 10)

C-comparative

S-superlative

1 Answer

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    9 years ago
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    morphology 【語】形態學

    Part of Speech 【文】詞類; 詞性 (Columns 1 and 2)

    V-verb 動詞

    N-noun 名詞

    D-adverb 副詞

    A-adjective 形容詞

    RA-article 冠詞

    RD-demonstrative pronoun 指示代名詞

    RI-interrogative/ indefinite pronoun 疑問代名詞/不定代名詞

    RP-personal/possessive pronoun 人稱代名詞/所有格代名詞

    RR-relative pronoun 關係代名詞

    P-preposition 介系詞, 前置詞

    C-conjunction 連接詞

    I-interjection 感歎詞

    X-particle 質詞(包括某些副詞, 冠詞, 介系詞, 連接詞等)

    Person 【文】人稱 (Column 3)

    1-1st person 第一人稱

    2-2nd person 第二人稱

    3-3rd person 第三人稱

    Tense 【文】(動詞的) 時態, 時式 (Column 4)

    P-present 現在時態 / 現在式

    I-imperfect 未完成 式

    F-future 將來式

    A-aorist 不定過去式

    X-perfect 完成式

    Y-pluperfect 過去完成式

    Voice 【文】語態 (Column 5)

    A-active 主動語態

    M-middle 半主動半被動語態 (是那些用主動型式的不及物動詞表達被動的意思) 見(http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi... 被動語態

    Mood 【文】語氣 (Column 6)

    I-indicative 直說法

    D-imperative 祈使語氣

    S-subjunctive 虛擬語氣 / 假設法

    O-optative 祈願語態

    N-infinitive 不定詞

    P-participle 分詞

    Case 【文】格(名詞, 代名詞的字形變化) (Column 7)

    N-nominative 主格

    V-vocative 呼格

    A-accusative 直接受格

    G-genitive 屬格

    D-dative 與格

    Number 【文】數 (Column 8)

    S-singular 單數

    P-plural 複數

    Gender 【語】性 (Column 9)

    M-masculine 陽性

    F-feminine 陰性

    N-neuter 中性

    Comparison 【文】(形容詞或副詞的)比較 (Column 10)

    C-comparative 比較級

    S-superlative 最高級

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