I need facts about the fugitive slaves during the civil war?
- staisilLv 79 years agoFavorite Answer
The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 mandated that states to which escaped slaves fled were obligated to return them to their masters upon their discovery and subjected persons who helped runaway slaves to criminal sanctions. The first Fugitive Slave Act was enacted by Congress in 1793 but as the northern states abolished Slavery, the act was rarely enforced. The southern states bitterly resented the northern attitude toward slavery, which was ultimately demonstrated by the existence of the Underground Railroad, an arrangement by which abolitionists helped runaway slaves obtain freedom.
To placate the South, the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 (9 Stat. 462) was enacted by Congress as part of the Compromise of 1850. It imposed a duty on all citizens to assist federal marshals to enforce the law or be prosecuted for their failure to do so. The act also required that when a slave was captured, he or she was to be brought before a federal court or commissioner, but the slave would not be tried by a jury nor would his or her testimony be given much weight. The statements of the slave's alleged owner were the main evidence, and the alleged owner was not even required to appear in court.
Northern reaction against the Fugitive Slave Act was strong, and many states enacted laws that nullified its effect, making it worthless. In cases where the law was enforced, threats or acts of mob violence often required the dispatch of federal troops. Persons convicted of violating the act were often heavily fined, imprisoned, or both. The refusal of northern states to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act was alleged by South Carolina as one reason for its secession from the Union prior to the onset of the Civil War.
The acts of 1793 and 1850 remained legally operative until their repeal by Congress on June 28, 1864.
- chanthaumlsaLv 44 years ago
it is significant understand what themes led as much as the southern states determination to secede. interior the 1820s the USA had suffered an financial downturn and South Carolina grew to become into incredibly affected. Many South Carolina politicians blamed the substitute in fortunes on the nationwide tariff coverage that progressed after the conflict of 1812 to sell American production over its British opposition. by ability of 1828 South Carolina state politics progressively extra prepared around the tariff subject. In 1832 a sectional disaster grew to become into created by ability of South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification. This ordinance declared, by ability of the flexibility of the State itself, that the federal Tariff of 1828 and 1832 have been unconstitutional and for this reason null and void interior the sovereign obstacles of South Carolina See it is incorrect to value this state $15 for sugar, and then human beings around the state line purchase it for $9. The north had to strangle the south to get rid of slavery, instead of non violent negotiation. Plus the north cherished the cheap components from the south considering that delivery them to england because of the fact of taxes made them much less money. maximum historians will agree that slavery might in common terms be around for yet another few years, in common terms 8% of the south owned slaves, and four% of the north(yea they had them and did no longer go through the taxes). So the north being grasping for low-value components, and slavery grew to become into the reasons of the civil conflict.
- TomLv 79 years ago
Read the books--"The Slave Narratives" by the federal writer's project---on line and for sale at amazon
It is the only accounts we have from the slaves themselves, free from the politics of later historians.