how many fatalities were suffered by the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915?
- conranger1Lv 79 years agoFavorite Answer
There were nearly half a million casualties during the campaign, according to the Australian Department of Veterans' Affairs. In addition to these casualties, many soldiers became sick due to the unsanitary conditions, especially from enteric fever, dysentery and diarrhea. It is estimated that 145,000 more British soldiers became ill during the campaign. Amongst the dead of the battle was the brilliant young physicist Henry Moseley and New Zealand rugby league international Charles Savory. Also the poet Rupert Brooke, serving with the Royal Naval Division, died shortly before the invasion from a septic mosquito bite.
By the time the Gallipoli Campaign ended, over 120,000 men had died. More than 80,000 Turkish soldiers and 44,000 British and French soldiers, including over 8,500 Australians. Among the dead were 2,721 New Zealanders, about a quarter of those who had landed on the peninsula.
There were allegations that Allied forces had attacked or bombarded Ottoman hospitals and hospital ships on several occasions between the start of the campaign and September 1915. By July 1915, there were 25 Ottoman hospitals with a total of 10,700 beds, and three hospital ships in the area. The French Government disputed these complaints (made through the Red Cross during the war), and the British response was that if it happened then it was accidental. Russia in turn claimed that the Ottomans had attacked two of their hospital ships, Portugal and Vperiod, and the Ottoman Government responded that the vessels had been the victims of naval mines. No chemical weapons were used at Gallipoli, although they were used against Ottoman troops in the Middle Eastern theatre two years later during the second and third battles of Gaza in 1917.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) is responsible for developing and maintaining permanent cemeteries for all Commonwealth forces—United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, India, Newfoundland and others. There are 31 CWGC cemeteries on the Gallipoli peninsula: six at Helles (plus the only solitary grave, that of Lt. Col. Charles Doughty-Wylie V.C. Royal Welch Fusiliers), four at Suvla and 21 at Anzac. For many of those killed, and those who died on hospital ships and were buried at sea, there is no known grave. These men's names are each recorded on one of five "memorials to the missing"; the Lone Pine Memorial commemorates Australians killed in the Anzac sector, as well as New Zealanders with no known grave or who were buried at sea; whilst the Lone Pine, Hill 60, and Chunuk Bair Memorials commemorate New Zealanders killed at Anzac. The Twelve Tree Copse Memorial commemorates the New Zealanders killed in the Helles sector, and British and other troops (including Indian and Australian) who died in the Helles sector are commemorated on the memorial at Cape Helles. British naval casualties who were lost at sea, or buried at sea, are not recorded on these memorials, instead they are listed on memorials in the United Kingdom.
There are two more CWGC cemeteries on the Greek island of Limnos, the first in the town of Moudros and the second in the village of Portianou. Limnos was the hospital base for the Allied forces and most of the buried were among the wounded who didn't survive. There is only one French cemetery on the Gallipoli peninsula, located near Soroz Beach, which was the French base for the duration of the campaign.
Gallipoli campaign epitaph at Lone Pine Cemetery
There are no large Turkish military cemeteries on the peninsula, but there are numerous memorials, the main ones being the Çanakkale Martyrs' Memorial at Morto Bay, Cape Helles (near S Beach), the Turkish Soldier's Memorial on Chunuk Bair and the memorial and open-air mosque for the 57th Regiment near Quinn's Post (Bomba Sirt). There are a number of Turkish memorials and cemeteries on the Asian shore of the Dardanelles, demonstrating the greater emphasis Turkish history places on the victory of 18 March over the subsequent fighting on the peninsula.
May All those who died in the Great War Rest In Peace - allah rahmet eylesin.
- Anonymous9 years ago
To initially correct your question . . . . . . . .
Gallipoli was primarily an Australian / New Zealand (ANZAC) Operation. Hence the abbreviated operation names along with a few others ......... the Brits were also there................. !! But not in the same strength as its allies.
No one made it off the beaches . . . . . they were contained there until ordered to withdraw ........
casualties being phenomenal . . . . . . being the main allied cause to evacuate and withdraw in total from the caspian sea area.
The ANZAC Infantry earing immortality for what they did achieve. They did on one occasion break the turkish line - but calls for assistance to the British High Command to move forward and break through in total were ignored - the Brits couldn't/would not believe the ANZAC'S had in fact broken though!!
Churchill was primarily held responsible for the failure, as indeed was the RN high command. It lunatic admirals giving the raid away / alerting the Turks to an imminent landing, by bombarding the landing sites (softening them up for days) to allow the invasion force to land unopposed
All it did was pre-alert the Turks who then made sure nothing and one . . would ever make it of the beaches.
The same UK high command idiocy that led to the deaths of millions in WW11. No maneuvering to the flanks, cut round, pass the enemy, leave him isolated, go back later from all directions and finish him off ..........................Source(s): Ex Military.