what steps led to American participation in World War II?
- Anonymous9 years agoFavorite Answer
After the Manchurian Incident in 1931, the US proclaimed neutrality. US policy, on the other hand, was anything but neutral. The Occidental world feared a strong Japan because it would upset the balance of power and the western hegemony in the region. It would also threaten western corporate balance sheets. The US (along with the UK, France, Germany, the Soviets and others) supported China in the Second Sino-Japanese war.
FDR always wanted in the worst way to get into the war in Europe, but he knew neither Congress nor the American people would let him. Even after running through the various Neutrality Acts to Cash and Carry to Boats for Bases to Lend Lease, he couldn't build sentiment for war. Even after he effectively declared War during his Fireside Chat on Sept 11, 1941, he couldn't find the necessary votes. Well, if you can't get in through the front door, try the rear windows, he reasoned. If Japan could be provoked into attacking, then the US would be at war with Japan and war with Germany would surely follow.
Some means by which such an attack could be provoked were laid out in the McCollum Memo. On October 7, 1940, Lieutenant Commander Arthur McCollum of the Office of Naval Intelligence submitted a memo to Navy Captains Walter Anderson and Dudley Knox." The memo illustrated an eight step plan to provoke Japan into attacking the United States of America:
1. Make an arrangement with Britain for the use of British bases in the
pacific, particularly in Singapore.
2. Make an arrangement with Holland for the use of base facilities and
acquisition of supplies in the Dutch East Indies.
3. Give all possible aid to the Chinese government of Chiang-Kai-Shek.
4. Send a division of long range heavy cruiser to the Orient, Philippines and Singapore.
5. Send two divisions of submarines to the Orient.
6. Keep the main strength of the U.S. fleet now in the Pacific in the vicinity of the Hawaiian Islands.
7. Insist that the Dutch refuse to grant Japanese demands for undue economic concessions, particularly oil.
8. Completely embargo all U.S trade with Japan, in collaboration with a similar embargo imposed by the British empire.
FDR exceeded that plan. He beefed up bases all through the Japanese sphere of influence, especially in the Philippines and on Taiwan, Midway and Guam. He moved the Pacific Fleet from San Diego to Pearl, against the advice of his best admirals. CinCPac James Otto Richardson twice refused to obey the order, calling the move an unjustifiable and unwarranted provocation, likely to induce an attack, and he said the fleet would be a sitting duck and could not be defended against a carrier launched air attack. After obeying his orders, he continued to protest. He was relieved of command for his effort. His successor, Husband Kimmel, voiced similar objections on equally deaf ears. Chester Nimitz declined the post because he too believe it would invite and attack that would destroy the fleet.
On the same day that FDR ordered all Japanese assets in the US to be seized, he also created an entire new army, the USAFFE, pulled Douglas MacArthur out of retirement to lead it, and stationed it in the Philippines, directly amidst vital Japanese commercial and military shipping routes. He them created an air wing for the new army, the USAAFE, and stationed the largest collection of US warplanes outside of the USA in the Philippines, poised as a dagger at Japan's throat. He expanded the embargoes. He supported a group of "nationalists", "freedom fighters" and "patriots", as he called them, in Indochina, promising to help them in their war for independence against France and Japan. (They were the Vietminh, led by Ho Chi Minh and Vo Nguyen Giap and he would stab them in the back at Tehran, a treachery compounded by Harry Truman and Dwight Eisenhower in 1945, 1946, 1954 and 1956, leading directly to the Vietnam War, but his offer to give aid to them in 1940/41 was a factor that led to Pearl then.)
The final humiliation for Japan was the Hull Note of November 26, 1941 delivered by Secretary of State Cordell Hull which as one of its conditions demanded the complete withdrawal of all Japanese troops from French Indochina and China. Orders to launch Kido Butai were issued after the Note was received. The Tojo Cabinet believed it had no choice. The goal was to take out the Pacific Fleet and US military presence in one fell swoop, thus driving FDR to the peace table and forcing the US to act the neutral it claimed to be. Had the carriers been in port, had Genda been allowed to launch the third wave against the sub pens, drydocks, maintenance yards and oil storage facilities, and/or had Nagumo been authorized to go after Midway on his way home, the plan might have worked. The Japanese never wanted war with the US. They merely wanted to purchase one million gallons of aviation fuel from US but FDR wanted US in central place in world and thus wanted to enter War.
- capitalgentlemanLv 79 years ago
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour.
Before that, the USA was officially neutral, although it had been supplying materials that good be adapted for war (but, not war materials under international laws), mostly through Canada, to the Allied side.
- Anonymous9 years ago
1924 Rockefeller Invest in Hitler and the NAZI party
1933 FDR Rockefeller's Prescott Bush Lindbergh Warburg of the chase bank Used JP morgan and Associates to set Up the Hitler Fund this Raised the Money Hitler needed to Contest the 1933 elections that Put Hitler in Power
1933 Ford sets Up Factories in Russia and Germany
1933 ITT GM start to Build Hitler war machine In germany
1938 IBM sets up hitlers census this later was used to Round Up the Jews
1940 Standard Oil IG Farben Texaco set up 40 petrochemical plants in Germany and Occupied countries the Biggest was at Buna In Poland using 83,000 slaves with assistance from Dupont
1943 ITT engineer flies to madrid to give the NAZIS a New Navigation system for the ITT owned Fokker wolfs later this Navigation system was fitted into the V1 and the V2
1941 GM starts to Build the US army's worst tank the Sherman remember they had Been Building Tigers and Panthers since 1933
so the worst the Sherman was the More they needed to make ( Money was the Motivation )
1922, payments by I.G. Farben and General Electric in 1933, followed by the Standard Oil of New Jersey and I.T.T. subsidiary payments to Heinrich Himmler up to 1944. US multi-nationals under the control of Wall Street profited handsomely from Hitler's military construction program in the 1930's and at least until 1942.
Henry Ford was an early (1922) Hitler backer and Edsel Ford continued the family tradition in 1942 by encouraging French Ford to profit from arming the German Wehrmacht. Subsequently, these Ford-produced vehicles were used against American soldiers as they landed in France in 1944. For his early recognition of, and timely assistance to, the Nazis, Henry Ford received a Nazi medal in 1938. The records of French Ford suggest Ford Motor received kid glove treatment from the Nazis after 1940.
in 1939 ITT and GM financed SKF in Gotenburg to ensure that they could Supply all the ball bearing needed to Build hitlers Trucks tanks and aircraft and in 1943 SKF of Philadelphia sent 600,000 units a year Via spain to Germany and Failed to supply the US army more than 23 % of their needs
FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO HITLER:
Feb. 23-Mar. 13, 1933:
(The Hjalmar Schacht account at Delbruck, Schickler Bank)
Political Contributions by Firms (with selected affiliated directors) Amount
Pledged Percent of
Verein fuer die Bergbaulichen Interessen (Kitdorf) $600,000 45.8
I.G. Farbenindustrie (Edsel Ford, C.E. Mitchell, Walter Teagle, Paul Warburg) 400,000
Automobile Exhibition, Berlin (Reichsverbund der Automobilindustrie S.V.) 100,000
A.E.G., German General Electric (Gerard Swope, Owen Young, C.H. Minor, Arthur Baldwin) 60,000
Osram G.m.b.H. (Owen Young) 40,000
Telefunken Gesellsehaft ruer
drahtlose Telegraphic 85,000
(Quandt of A.E.G.) 25,000 Total from industry 1,310,000 99.9 % of what was prommised
Plus Political Contributions by Individual Businessmen:
Karl Hermann 300,000
Director A. Steinke (BUBIAG- Braunkohlen—u. Brikett — Industrie A.G.) 200,000
Dir. Karl Lange (Geschaftsfuhrendes
Vostandsmitglied des Vereins Deutsches Maschinenbau—Anstalten) 50,000
Dr. F. Springorum (Chairman: Eisen-und Stahlwerke Hoesch A.G.) 36,000
Source: See Appendix for translation of original document.
How can we prove that these political payments actually took place?
The payments to Hitler in this final step on the road to dictatorial Naziism were made through the private bank of Delbruck Sehickler. The Delbruck Schickler Bank was a subsidiary of Metallgesellschaft A.G. ("Metall"), an industrial giant, the largest non-ferrous metal company in Germany, and the dominant influence in the world's nonferrous metal 'trading. The principal shareholders of "Metall" were I.G. Farben a company Owned By standard oil Texaco Rockefeller's and Prescott Bush
Not what you are Looking for ????? but all true and thousands of more Companies and people all from the USASource(s): http://www.reformation.org/wall-st-hitler.html http://www.american-buddha.com/hig.tradingwithenem...