Amber asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

為什麼要用分詞構句? 及一些問題

如題 !

(1) 為什麼要用分詞構句? 還是說有甚麼特別的意義.功能 ?

(2) 可以介紹一下 準關代

感激不盡 !!!!

3 Answers

Rating
  • 8 years ago
    Best Answer

    子句clause經由省略形成補語complement,為寫作上簡潔的目的:

    Disappointed at the last performance, he spent more time on his training.

    He spent more time on his training for he felt disappointed at his last performance.

    由於對上次演出的失望,他加強在訓練上的準備

    或者就是為簡潔上做省略:

    Encouraging role modelling is encouraging peer pressure.

    The behavior of encouraging role modelling is encouraging peer pressure.

    鼓勵偶像追隨是在鼓勵同儕壓力

  • bravo
    Lv 5
    8 years ago

    有特別的用意,建議你去找「原始獵人講英語」,從頭看到尾,你就會發現到底為什麼。

  • 阿昌
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    Ving= 主動動作 (Ving現在分詞)

    V-pp= 被動動作 (V-pp過去分詞)

    1.<<The United States has developed into a morden nation in a very short time >>--compared with many other countries.

    compared 美國已經(完成)發展成為現代化國家......被(人們拿來)與許多其他國家做比較 .

    comparing?1.The United States has developed into a morden nation in a very short time_comparing with many other countries.=美國主動比較其他國家.... 因為美國不是"人".....不會自己主動比較...因此不能用..主動的comparing

    2. =.... , I met a man resembling my colleague.

    本句關鍵字 A + resemble + B =A 像 B =--誰像誰-~沒有被動式=無法用resembled

    4.I found a deer run(v-pp過去分詞) over by a truck on the highway.=公路上,我發現一頭鹿被一輛卡車 輾過. ~~ run ran run(V-pp)

    (i)S主詞 +find/see/....感官動詞 +O受詞 + V原形 =S發現O有做V的事實

    (ii)S主詞+find/see/....感官動詞 +O受詞+ V-ing =S發現O正在主動做V的動作

    (iii)S主詞+find/see/....感官動詞 +O受詞+V-pp =S發現O*被*V

    準關代

    Than 是純連接詞, 還是準關代?例句:

    I have more books than you (do).

    解答:

    Than is used as a conjunction here, not a relative pronoun. Than is never used as a relative pronoun.

    The trick here is the omission of words.

    I have more money than money is needed.

    I have more money than is needed. (omit the noun “money” since it was used earlier)

    I have more money than needed. (omit the noun and the be-verb “money is”)

    By the way, it is accurate to say “I have more money than it is needed”

    I have more money than you have money.

    I have more money than you have.

    I have more money than you.

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