What caused the hearing to take place of Joseph McCarthy against the USA army, how did this cause his downfall?

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  • Jas B
    Lv 7
    9 years ago
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    In November 1953, a consultant on Joseph McCarthy's staff named G. David Schine was drafted into the Army. Even before Schine's formal induction, Roy M. Cohn, McCarthy's chief counsel, had begun a personal campaign to pressure military officials--from the Secretary of the Army on down to Schine's company commander--into giving Private Schine special privileges. When on 11 March 1954 the Army issued a detailed chronology documenting Cohn's improper intrusions into Schine's military career, McCarthy responded by claiming the Army was holding Schine "hostage" to deter his committee from exposing communists within the military ranks.

    McCarthy charged that the State Department and its Secretary, Dean Acheson, with harbouring “traitorous” Communists. McCarthy’s apocalyptic rhetoric made critics hesitate before challenging him. Those accused by McCarthy faced loss of employment, damaged careers, and in many cases, broken lives.

    McCarthy then extended his targets to include numerous government agencies, in addition to the broadcasting and defence industries, universities, and the United Nations.

    To resolve the dispute, the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, of which McCarthy was chairman, voted to investigate and to allow live television coverage of the enquiry. McCarthy relinquished the chairmanship to Karl Mundt (Republican, South Dakota) to become, with Cohn, contestant and witness in a widely anticipated live television drama.

    In televisual terms, the hearings pitted a boorish McCarthy and a bleary-eyed Cohn against a coolly avuncular Joseph N. Welch of the Boston law firm of Hale & Dorr, whom the Army had hired as its special counsel. Welch's calm patrician manner served as an appealing contrast to Cohn's unctuous posturing and McCarthy's rude outbursts (The senator's nasal interjection "Point of order!" became a national catchphrase). Senators, military men, and obscure staffers on the McCarthy Committee became household names and faces. Along with an often partisan gallery in the packed, smoke-filled hearing room, an audience of some twenty-million Americans watched the complicated testimony, a crossfire of mutual recriminations over monitored telephone conversations, doctored photographs, and fabricated memorandum.

    Prolonged exposure to McCarthy's odious character and ill-mannered interruptions was a textbook demonstration of how a hot personality wilted under the glare of a cool medium. Toward the close of the hearings, Senator Stuart Symington (Democrat, Missouri) underscored the lesson in media politics during a sharp exchange with McCarthy: "The American people have had a look at you for six weeks. You are not fooling anyone."

    McCarthy’s power declined sharply following the hearings and the Senate voted to condemn him a few months later.

  • 9 years ago

    Senator Joseph McCarthy held many hearings for the purpose of determining how many people living and working in the U.S. were Communists. The hearing first targeted film actors who were just beginning to be unionized at the time. This was also a time that labor unions were on the rise and McCarthy felt they posed a socialist threat. He did not investigate the U.S. Army, but his obsession soon began to bother Americans and other senators. He was eventually censured and voted out of office.

  • 9 years ago

    google is your friend

    use it

    do your own homework for a change

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