Is there a correlation between Atheism and Intelligence or Wealth?
Interesting article not attacking Religions, just going by the numbers....i believe in something greater than myself, but can think for myself also.
Atheists are heavily concentrated in economically developed countries, particularly the social democracies of Europe. In underdeveloped countries, there are virtually no atheists. Atheism is thus a peculiarly modern phenomenon. Why do modern conditions produce atheism?
First, as to the distribution of atheism in the world, a clear pattern can be discerned. In sub-Saharan Africa there is almost no atheism (Zuckerman, 2007). Belief in God declines in more developed countries and is concentrated in Europe in countries such as Sweden (64% nonbelievers), Denmark (48%), France (44%) and Germany (42%). In contrast, the incidence of atheism in most sub-Saharan countries is below 1%.
The question of why economically developed countries turn to atheism has been batted around by anthropologists for about eighty years. Anthropologist James Fraser proposed that scientific prediction and control of nature supplants religion as a means of controlling uncertainty in our lives. This hunch is supported by data showing that the more educated countries have higher levels of non belief and there are strong correlations between atheism and intelligence (see my earlier post on this).
Atheists are more likely to be college-educated people who live in cities and they are highly concentrated in the social democracies of Europe. Atheism thus blossoms amid affluence where most people feel economically secure. But why?
It seems that people turn to religion as a salve for the difficulties and uncertainties of their lives. In social democracies, there is less fear and uncertainty about the future because social welfare programs provide a safety net and better health care means that fewer people can expect to die young. People who are less vulnerable to the hostile forces of nature feel more in control of their lives and less in need of religion.
In addition to being the opium of the people (as Karl Marx contemptuously phrased it), religion may also promote fertility, particularly by promoting marriage, according to copious data reviewed by Sanderson (2008). Large families are preferred in agricultural countries as a source of free labor. In developed "atheist" countries, women have exceptionally small families and do not need religion helping them to raise large families.
Even the psychological functions of religion face stiff competition today. In modern societies, when people experience psychological difficulties they turn to their doctor, psychologist, or psychiatrist. They want a scientific fix and prefer the real psychotropic medicines dished out by physicians to the metaphorical opiates offered by religion.
Moreover, sport psychologists find that sports spectatorship provides much the same kind of social, and spiritual, benefits as people obtain from church membership. In a previous post, I made the case that sports is replacing religion. Precisely the same argument can be made for other forms of entertainment with which spectators become deeply involved. Indeed, religion is striking back by trying to compete in popular media, such as televangelism and Christian rock and by hosting live secular entertainment in church.
The reasons that churches lose ground in developed countries can be summarized in market terms. First, with better science, and with government safety nets, and smaller families, there is less fear and uncertainty in people's daily lives and hence less of a market for religion. At the same time many alternative products are being offered, such as psychotropic medicines and electronic entertainment that have fewer strings attached and that do not require slavish conformity to unscientific beliefs.
Sanderson, S. K. (2008). Adaptation, evolution, and religion. Religion, 38, 141-156.
Zuckerman, P. (2007). Atheism: Contemporary numbers and patterns. In M. Martin (ed.), The Cambridge companion to atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. This book is not held by any U.S. Library.
- Anonymous8 years ago
The analogy is correct, as far as it goes. We europeans did more than most to spread our religions around the globe and in Africa in particular, they cling to their institutions more than most due to many of the conditions you describe. For example, a visiting minister, from a country region in Kenya, was appalled to find the degree of apathy in regard to religion and church attendances in the UK. Was heard to have said that if he had an early morning Church service in his parish in Kenya a 1000 people would attend and if there was a second in the afternoon another similar number would attend. This minister has the only vehicle within many, many miles, supplied and maintained by finance from the church, and it is the taxi and ambulance for the surrounding community. This is merely a simplistic example of the pattern of need being the primary motivation for human emotional and psychological tolerance to concepts that would not necessarily be so well thought of in better circumstances.
- Anonymous8 years ago
No sir, there has never been any studies , experiments, testing, or observations of
Religion and Intelligence.
Never happened, the only piece of information available is a Pediatrician making speculative considerations, not Scientific, on the undeveloped brains of young children.
The desperation is palpable.
- Anonymous8 years ago
Atheists are generally smarter than theists. It is a REQUIREMENT to have logic to figure out that their is no god because religion is not falsifiable because it isn't true in the first place. That is why it can easily fool people into believing in itIf the Bible is all you need to believe in God then you are a fool of the highest caliber.
- evalynLv 58 years ago
Yes there is. Your intelligence effects the choices you make in life, education, income, family size etc. giving the next generation even better education and so on.
Also ignorance breeds ignorance.
- How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
- ReginaldLv 68 years ago
Yes there is, but thats not to say theists are all stupid and poor. I have seen a fair share of intelligent and wealthy theists.
- 8 years ago
Eh, I don't know but most of the atheists I've met here in Kansas are unemployed.
- Anonymous8 years ago
Wealth (which is imaginary) affects education, and in turn affects religiosity in general.
"Of course", says my source.Source(s): An encyclopedia. An actual (yet virtual in this case) thing, which was born of an imaginary conceptual concept. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religiosity http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religiosity_and_intel... It's like Cliff Notes for the world.