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What is the back ground of Plessy v. Ferguson and Brown v Board of Education?

What is the back ground of Plessy v. Ferguson and Brown v Board of Education? Who was involved in each case? What amendment was involved in these cases?

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  • 8 years ago
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    Plessy v. Ferguson (1896):

    --- A landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in private businesses, under the doctrine of "separate but equal".

    People involved in this case:

    --- Justice Henry Billings Brown and Justice John Marshall with a vote of 7 to 1.

    Plaintiff --- Homer Plessy, a African American who was part of the Committee of Citizens.

    Defendant --- John Howard Ferguson, ruled that Louisiana had the right to regulate railroad companies as long as they operated within state boundaries.

    Amendments:

    --- 13th Amendment: Abolishing slavery

    --- 14th Amendment: State and federal citizenship for all persons regardless of race both born or naturalized in the United States was reaffirmed.

    Brown v Board of Education (1954):

    --- A landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court that declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional.

    People involved in this case:

    Plaintiff --- Oliver L. Brown, a parent who's daughter, Linda wasn't allow to enroll their children in the closest neighborhood school.

    Defendant --- The Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

    Amendments:

    --- 14th Amendment: State and federal citizenship for all persons regardless of race both born or naturalized in the United States was reaffirmed.

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  • Anonymous
    8 years ago

    You can read the Supreme Court's opinions in both cases. They're easily findable on the web, e.g. at Cornell Law School's website.

    A Supreme Court opinion usually begins with a history of the case -- who is involved, what allegedly happened, why the plaintiff sued the defendant, etc. Then the court explains its reasoning for deciding the case, including, if applicable, which amendment they are applying.

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  • 3 years ago

    First you ought to understand Dejor and Defectoro segregation. Dejor is segregation by ability of regulation. and De actuality is regulations that are made up by ability of the folk or unstated regulations. Brown V Board grew to become right into a 954 determination that suggested that black human beings ought to be bused to public college. This grew to become into the start of Integration of school. This determination over grew to become Plessey Vs Fergason which in actuality stated "Separate yet equivalent" jointly as brown vs board, in thought, ought to have worked there grew to become into lots of back lash from the folk who did;t agree. So the scholars now not went to the colleges.

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