Physics - Parallel Plate Capacitors help?
Given a plate's area and distance between each other. It is also connected to a 'x'-Volt battery.
How does one go about getting its capacitance? the charges on each plate?
so, in that case, no matter what voltage i connect it to, it doesn't chance capacitance?
- ReginaldLv 79 years agoFavorite Answer
For the first part of your question, if your capacitor has air or a vacuum between
the plates, the capacitance C = A times Eo divided by d, where A is the plate area,
d is the distance between them, and Eo is the electric permittivity of free space,
which is 8.85418 * 10**-12 farads per meter, or 8.85418 picofarads per meter.
If you have an insulator or dielectric between them, you must include its dielectric
constant k, so the formula becomes C = 8.85418 k A / d picofarads, if the area A
is in square meters and the distance d is in meters.
For the second part: the quantity of charge Q equals the product of the capacitance
and the applied voltage; that is: Q = CV, where Q is the charge in coulombs, C the
capacitance in farads, and V the applied voltage (in volts).
EDIT: The capacitance is independent of the applied voltage; it just depends on the
physical dimensions of the capacitor and the insulating material used.
A higher voltage will put a higher charge on it, but its capacitance stays the same.Source(s): college physics - the definition of a farad is the amount of capacitance to which one volt will put a charge of one coulomb
- 9 years ago
Capacitance in a parallel plate capacitor is:
dielectric constant * epsilon nought * area/ distance
Its a geometry thing and a whats in between the plates thing.