The Federal Judicial Center is the education and research agency of the United States federal courts. It was established by an Act of Congress (28 U.S.C. §§ 620–629) in 1967, at the recommendation of the Judicial Conference of the United States.
The main areas of responsibility for the Center include:
•conducting and promoting orientation and continuing education and training for federal judges, court employees, and others;
•developing recommendations about the operation and study of the federal courts; and
•conducting and promoting research on federal judicial procedures, court operations, and history.
By statute, the Chief Justice of the United States is ex officio chair of the Center's board, which also includes the director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts and seven judges elected by the Judicial Conference. The Board appoints the Center's director and deputy director; the director appoints the Center's staff. Since its founding in 1967, the Center has had ten directors. Judge Jeremy Fogel became director in 2011. He was appointed U.S. district judge for the Northern District of California in 1998 but has been resident in Washington, D.C., since becoming director. The deputy director is John S. Cooke.
The Research Division undertakes empirical and exploratory research on federal judicial processes, court management, and sentencing and its consequences, often at the request of the Judicial Conference and its committees, the courts themselves, or other groups in the federal system. James B. Eaglin is the current director of the research division.
Federal Judicial History Office
The Federal Judicial History Office develops programs relating to the history of the judicial branch and assists courts with their own judicial history programs.
The Education Division plans and organizes educational sessions for federal judges and court staff. Bruce Clarke is the current director of the Education Division.
Board of the Center
The Center's board consists of:
•John G. Roberts, Jr., Chief Justice of the United States, chair.
•Judge Susan H. Black, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
•Judge David O. Carter, U.S. District Court for the Central District of California
•Magistrate Judge Karen Klein, U.S. District Court for the District of North Dakota
•Judge Loretta A. Preska, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York
•Judge Philip Martin Pro, U.S. District Court for the District of Nevada
•Judge Stephen Raslavich, U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
•Judge William B. Traxler Jr., U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, and
•James C. Duff, Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts
A nonprofit organization, the Federal Judicial Center Foundation, solicits support for the Center.