Emily asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 9 years ago

Explain the history of Iraq?

When and how was the modern country of Iraq formed? What three ethnic groups were included? What country or group formed Iraq? What was happening in Iraq between those three ethnic groups?

1 Answer

  • lwhhow
    Lv 7
    9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    What's now Iraq in the long distant ancient past was the 1st and biggest area of all human civilization 4000BC-1500BC. The place of Sumer, Akkad, Ur, Babylonia, Assyria. Of course civilization spread and other places (Egypt, Greece etc.) became more important but the Iraq area still remained important.

    In the 600's AD it and it's great cities of Babylon and Cestiphon (like other areas) was taken over by the then new Arab Muslims. In about 700AD they made the new city of Baghdad which was the top world city by 800AD. Unfortunately the whole Iraq area (and Iran too) was taken by the invading Turks in the 900's and then destroyed in a genocide by the Mongols in the 1200's and then again in the 1400's. The Mongols turned Iraq and Iran into the desert landscape we still see today.

    After the Mongols faded away (in the late 1400's) Iraq returned to rule by the Ottoman Turks, who ruled from the former Greek seaside city of 'Constantinople', way off on the edge of Europe (today the Turkish capital of Istanbul), they paid little attention to 'desert' like Iraq or the rest of the Mideast.

    In WWI 1914-1918 the Ottoman Turk Empire was wiped out, the British taking over.

    The British made the current 'nation' of Iraq from former Ottoman territory in 1919/1920, just drawing lines on the map.

    There's '4' main ethnic groups in Iraq...There's the 'Arabs' who migrated there 600-900AD (and some thereafter from Syria/Arabia), the survivors from the ancient pre-Mongol genocide population (Assyrians in the north, Chaldean's in the center), and 'Kurds' in the NW (a different people who migrated from nearby Kurdistan).

    Britain in 1919/1920 drew the boundaries of the country in British interest, and geographical interest (putting the all important Tigris/ Euphrates River valley in one country). The British in the Mideast were most familiar back then with the 'Arab' population, so they put in their favorite 'Faisal' a foreigner from Arabia as king and his family/ court in top positions for the 'Arabs'. Although Faisal would later be murdered, modern Iraq still considers itself an 'Arab' country, although ethnically full blooded Arabs only make 1/3 of the population.

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