My little brother forgot his book, and i cant find this info online... 4th grade social studies?

He needs to choose between De León's Colony and Stephen F. Austin's Colony, and he needs three things that makes the colony he chose special. Please help, thank you.

1 Answer

  • 9 years ago
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    Austin's Colony was the first legal

    settlement of North American

    families in Mexican-owned Texas.

    Led by the Empressario, Stephen F.

    Austin, an initial grant for three

    hundred families--the "Old 300"- -in

    1821 opened up Texas to a flood of

    American immigrants, as many as

    30,000 by the time of the Texas

    Revolution in 1835. This colonial

    period that brought Anglo and

    African settlers from the United

    States into contact with the

    governmental and ranching

    traditions of Spain and Mexico

    helped set the course for much of

    Texas' history in the 19th century--

    and was only overshadowed later by

    the discovery of oil in Texas in the

    20th century.

    The Evolution of Austin's Colony

    The settlement of Austin' s colony

    from 1821 to 1836 has been called

    the most successful colonization

    movement in American history.

    Many of the historical events of

    Southeast Texas owe their origin to

    this colony. Fort Bend County was

    one of the most heavily populated

    areas of the colony.

    Stephen F. Austin's father, Moses,

    laid the foundation for this colony in

    Texas during late 1820 and 1821,

    but died before being able to

    implement his plans. Stephen,

    although hesitant at first, decided to

    finish what his father had begun.

    Austin travelled to San Antonio de

    Bexar, where he was declared the

    rightful heir to his father's grant.

    Austin was issued an empressario

    contract to settle three hundred

    families in Spanish Texas. The

    Spanish demanded the settlers be,

    among other things, loyal to the

    offical government and religion of

    Spain. Both the government and

    Austin realized the necessity of

    having colonists of reputable

    character, and both made this a

    prerequisite for immigration. Soon

    after gaining this contract, the

    eleven-year war for Mexican

    Independence ended successfully,

    and the new Mexican government

    affirmed Austin's contract to settle

    Texas with families from the United


    Austin next set out to find land for

    his colony. He decided on the rich

    river bottom between the Brazos

    and Colorado Rivers, south of the El

    Camino Real. The area of Austin's

    Colony included land that is now

    contained in 19 Texas counties.

    Settlers began arriving during 1821

    and 1822, transforming this area

    from an unsettled wilderness into a

    sparcely settled rural community.

    These colonists receiving the first

    three hundred land grants came to

    be called the Old Three Hundred,

    and over 57 of them received land in

    what is now Fort Bend County. One

    of these "Old 300" was Henry Jones,

    who located his league along the

    Brazos River south of the "Old Fort"

    or Fort Bend--now Richmond. Jones'

    league (4 ,428 acres) was adjoined

    by his brother John's quarter league.

    The George Ranch Historical Park is

    located on the John Jones Quarter


    The promise of inexpensive land

    was the most prominent reason for

    emigrating from the United States at

    this time. Austin advertized in

    newspapers along the American

    western frontier, publicizing the

    abundant land--available for 12 1/2

    cents per acre--one tenth the cost of

    public land in the United States.

    Colonists moved to the colony

    particularly from the states of

    Tennessee, Kentucky, Arkansas,

    Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama.

    Some came overland by horse,

    wagon, or foot, while many others

    sailed from New Orleans and Mobile

    to the Texas port cities of Brazoria

    and Matagorda. The trip by either

    means was dangerous.

    In August, 1824, the Mexican

    congress, newly independent of

    Spain, passed regulatory authority

    over immigration to the states. The

    state of Coahuila y. Texas passed, in

    March, 1825, a colonization law

    which basically conformed to the

    provisions of the earlier national law

    of April, 1823. Austin later settled

    three additional grants in the same

    area under these state- awarded

    contracts, and one more in

    partnership with Samuel Williams.

    These grants were administered as

    one body, so by 1830, Austin had

    established a colony of about 1,500


    Once in the colony, the settlers lined

    up at the land office in the colonial

    capital of San Felipe de Austin to

    receive their land. Married heads of

    families could receive at least one

    labor (177 acres) if they farmed, and

    one league (4,428 acres) if they

    raised stock. Needless to say,

    virtually every man--whether

    doctor, tinsmith, or blacksmith--

    listed his occupation as farmer and

    stockraiser to receive the maximum

    amount of land. As the land had

    never been mapped, much of the 12

    1/2 cents per acre that the settlers

    paid Austin was spent by him in

    surveying fees. Among the most

    prominent surveyors of the colony

    was Captain Horatio Chriesman. San

    Felipe, capital of the colony, is

    located near Sealy along the Brazos


    With a survey and title to land

    safely in hand, the colonists had to

    settle the property and build a

    home. Noah Smithwick remembered

    Thomas Bell "domiciled in a little

    pole- cabin in the midst of a small

    clearing upon

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