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sherbz asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

關於paticipial phrase (分詞片語)的用法

你好XD

今天我想要個問題關於分詞片語的事,我快被搞混了...

依照老師給的定義是a phrase with a verb ending in -ing -ed or -en.

以下是Sentence Combining,能否幫助我做個訂正

1.Ms.Wong walked into the room. She told the students to sit down.

a)→Walking into the room, Ms.Wong told the students to sit down.

b)→ Having walked into the room, Ms. Wong told the student to sit down.

2.The girl did her homework. She decided to watch TV.

a)→Doing the homework, the girl decided to watch TV.

b)→Having done the homework, the girl decided to watch TV.

是說是不是分詞片語前面不能放動詞,因為就會跟主句衝到...

我的英語老師只接受b的答案,可是依照我在網上查的敘述a好像也是對的。

我老師的解釋是說,如果使用a的方式,前面就是verb了所以不好...

可是我看verb都加上ing不就變型了嗎?

他給的例子之三

She was suprised by the result. She jumped up and down.

→Surprised by the result, she jumped up and down

老師說因為上面的動詞是was所以surprised直接拉下來即可

再來想問的是最上面兩個例子,如果過去式改現在式的寫法要如何表示呢?

請專家幫我解釋,謝謝

4 Answers

Rating
  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    其實很簡單只要觀念通即可:

    1.若需將事件發生順序明確區分,那發生在前用過去完成式,在後用過去式

    Ms. Wong Had walked into the room, Ms. Wong told the student to sit down.

    → Having walked into the room, Ms. Wong told the student to sit down.

    2.若已知事件發生順序,那發生在前後,均可用過去式

    Ms. Wong walked into the room, Ms. Wong told the student to sit down.

    → walking into the room, Ms. Wong told the student to sit down.

    3.所以前1.2.句子均正確

    4.被動式比照辦理,規則都一樣

    She was suprised by the result. She jumped up and down.

    →Surprised by the result, she jumped up and down.

    →Having been Surprised by the result, she jumped up and down.-------

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  • rhody
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    分詞構句完整正確的觀念,看這裡。

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  • Minina
    Lv 5
    8 years ago

    我不是專家., 但我想分享我的想法.,

    第一句: 請觀察 , 前後動詞都是過去式, 前面主詞的動作也是先發生., 所以已完成式 的助動詞+ing + walked: 較完整., If "walk+ing " 那你後面的動詞 told 是否要更改?

    第二句: "did " 是 主 要 動 詞, and this sentence same as last sentence.

    第三句: 前面是被動式句型 ., So that "Surprised" 是可以以過去分詞片語直接表示.,

    希望彼此切磋.

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  • 8 years ago

    看你定義分詞片語用英文,不像是初高中。是大學?

    但你老師卻說 a 不行,因為 walking、doing 是「動詞」,所以不好? 這是那個層級英文老師說的話? 會把 walking、doing 視為動詞的老師,可以辭職了!

    「因為上面的動詞是was所以surprised直接拉下來即可」也是隨便說一說。萬一 was 後面是名詞,也直接拉下來?

    我也看不懂「如果過去式改現在式的寫法要如何表示呢?」是要改哪個現在式?改了幹什麼? 無從答起。

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