Chen asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

has had 和of的用法?

在讀文章時,看到幾個不懂的地方,

第一個是has had,為什麼會有這種用法呢?

我看到的句子是,

He has had a much better experience there than at other workplaces in the past.

-->has had 是在表示他過去到現在這段時間中,曾擁有的最好經驗?

第二個是of,像是

(1)This statutory guarantee is of precious little help.

(2)This research project is of great worth.

我不是要問翻譯喔,

是想知道has had和of的用法,

希望暸解的人,能為我解說下為什麼。

非常感謝!

Update:

"This statutory guarantee is of precious little help."

這是我在雜誌上看到的句子,

前面敘述了<身心障礙法>規定各公司應進用的身障者人數,

後面就寫,However,this statutory guarantee is of precious little help.

Update 2:

我再奇摩字典裡看到了一個句子,

"You'll get precious little sympathy from her." 你不會得到她多少同情的。

在"This statutory guarantee is of precious little help."這個句子中,

precious會不會不是"珍貴的",而是"很、非常"的意思,

所以整句會變成"這個法令提供的保障幫助很小"(助益不大)。

4 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    第一個是has had,為什麼會有這種用法呢?

    我看到的句子是,

    He has had a much better experience there than at other workplaces in the past.

    -->has had 是在表示他過去到現在這段時間中,曾擁有的最好經驗?

    has had是動詞have的現在完成式,表示從以前到現在為止的這個期間內,他所獲得的經驗。

    這句的比較部分是there和at other workplaces in the past這兩塊。

    第二個是of,像是

    (1)This statutory guarantee is of precious little help.

    (2)This research project is of great worth.

    第一句有問題,precious和little是相反詞,一次只能用一個,不會同時出現。

    of precious help, of little help, of great worth都是介系詞片語,在這兩句之中當作主詞補語,屬於形容詞性質。

    2011-12-21 09:21:40 補充:

    to DaSaGwa

    當兩個形容詞在一起時,如果沒有連接詞或逗號時,是前者限制後者,little help是沒有用,加個precious在前,沒有用就變成很珍貴,這在邏輯上是有矛盾的。再者沒有連接詞(或有逗號)時,兩者應是同方向的,即是and的關係(即又小又寶貴),不是but的關係(相反),不會有little but precious(雖小但寶貴)的結果。

    2011-12-21 15:51:19 補充:

    在字典裡找到precious little/few的解釋。這裡的precious是當[副詞],不是[形容詞],是用來強調很少的意思。

    例句:

    I've had previous little sleep over the last two days.

    There are precious few decent restaurants left around here.

    請參見Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 2007 edition p.1164

    所以我先前的解釋錯誤。抱歉。

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  • 9 years ago

    "of precious little help", I don't see anything wrong with putting "precious" and "little" together. I don't understand what is wrong with "the help is little but precious".

    2011-12-21 07:29:52 補充:

    Why two opposite adjective cannot be together? Say "Diamond is a precious little rock", anything wrong? I don't understand?

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  • bravo
    Lv 5
    9 years ago

    第一句,你沒解錯。

    第二句,OF 和在其後的名詞,合起來當形容詞,表示主詞的性質。OF是用來引介性質之用的專用字。BE + OF + NOUN 雖不常見,但也不乏各種用例。有些句子一開頭就是OF + NOUN,也是說明某一種性質,某一種感覺。不過NOUN + OF + NOUN 的情形比較常見。

    2011-12-21 10:04:02 補充:

    little help仍有用,但因作用太小,看似無用,可總比完全沒用的好。是以前的英文書只寫微言大意,忽略掉細節,所以只寫常見的「沒有用」而把少見少用的部分略而不寫。不只教英文的課本如此,在工程書上,科學書上,也是如此,少見的仍存在,但不會出現於text book,在論文集才找得到蹤跡。

    聯考時代囫圇吞棗的讀書方式有很多遺毒,現在的大人中毒的不少,這一點要自覺。即便現行的文法書也有不少嚴重錯誤。

    當然,有加but會讓一些人易於明白。卻對明白者沒什麼用(little help)。

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  • 阿昌
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    has had已

    of對

    介系詞=的,於

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