What was meant by the term "humanism" during the Renaissance?
How was this "new" Renaissance thought different from that of the Middle Ages and in what ways did the Renaissance owe its existence to ideas developed in medieval civilization?
- 9 years agoFavorite Answer
Humanism is a progressive philosophy of life that, without theism and other supernatural beliefs, affirms our ability and responsibility to lead ethical lives of personal fulfillment that aspire to the greater good of humanity.
What this means is that the people would study things concerning humans like medicine, science, the arts, philosophy. They would not base everything that exists on a higher being but instead on evidence that humans discovered.
This "new" renaissance brought back the ideas of the Greeks and Romans, the people brought back knowledge and culture from Rome and Greece. Controversial art like "David" appeared and people began researching medicine and began to cure disease, despite protests from the Church.
God was not the center of many peoples lives anymore.
- 9 years ago
It was different because: In the Middle Ages everything was centered on the church and the church supporting Kingdoms.
In the Renaissance, it was about improving yourself as an individual which therefore help the community improve. Also, the Nations supported the Church, which is opposite of the Middle Ages.
There was a rebirth of education, culture, literature, and art. The art was religious themed, as before, but the other things weren't.
"Humanism" was started by Cicero, who lives hundreds of years before this time period.Source(s): A 90 on my AP World quiz friday :)