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Nancy asked in 社會與文化語言 · 10 years ago

英文句型 有關have has用法

Her being out here is my fault.

為什麼要用her being

有個女孩失蹤一直到現在未找到

為什麼不是用

she has been out here is my fault.

Update:

那請問為什麼開頭是要用所有格??

3 Answers

Rating
  • ?
    Lv 7
    10 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    最主要是因為通常只有名詞、動詞才可當主詞 (不定詞to+動詞也可,但不適該原句的狀況),所以才要改成一個動名詞(片語),成為Her being out here,方能做為該句的主詞。原句的結構為:主詞: Her being out here動詞:is主詞同位語:my fault其它類似用法,還有如下:My being here is dangerous to you.

    (我在這裏,對你很危險)

    Your being with us makes all the difference.

    (你和我們在一起,有很大不同的意義)

    I appreciate your being with us.

    (我感謝你和我們在一起) 如果還是想保持She has been out here 不變,比照原句同樣的意思,就要說成:She has been out here, which is my fault. 或是She has been out here, and it’s my fault.

    2011-11-11 19:31:33 補充:

    Ooops! Sorry, 第一行應更正為

    只有名詞、動(名) 詞才可當主詞 遺漏(名)

    2011-11-12 20:58:58 補充:

    因為在此只有主詞(She)把變成所有格(her),再把be動詞變成動名詞的being

    才能完全轉變成名詞或名詞片語的特質。 如果你再往下問: 為何要這樣變?或是誰規定的?那麼一切都要歸於: 這是英語母語人士使用這語言的習慣。

    好比老美學中文,他們還是要跟隨老中說: 快ㄌㄜˋ的去上音ㄩㄝˋ課,卻不能說成快ㄩㄝˋ的去上音ㄌㄜˋ課,的道理是一樣的。也就是,如果那老美硬要用自己的方式說,那麼結果只有一個:中文老師說他的中文有錯誤,而他的老中朋友說,「你究竟在說甚麼,我聽不懂」。

  • ?
    Lv 7
    10 years ago

    PONY大,

    您還有一處需要更正的:

    「主詞同位語:my fault」

    應改為: 「主詞補語:my fault」

    此外, 可當主詞的有:名詞、代名詞、動名詞、名詞片語、名詞子句等.

  • ?
    Lv 7
    10 years ago

    本人讚同PONY的解說。

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