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Lori asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

對英文的文法有疑問.

1哪些是現在分詞和動名詞 ?

2並註明動名詞或現在分詞在該句中有何功用? 請完整說明

1 I`m going to the shopping mall to buy a new CD.

2 I`m afraid I`d have trouble saying those names.

3 I`m lok forward to seeing you soon

4 When driving ,drivers tend to think they are in control .But when they drive carelessly ,they are atting their lives in the hands of forces they are putting their lives in the hands of can not control.

5 No,I`m just browsing

6 Well,I`m hanging in there.

7 Well,not bad .things are going quite well.

8 Hi,how are you ding ?

9 I like going to yard sales .It`s a great way to find something you need and save a few bucks at the same time.

10 hey.look at that one over there carrying a suitcase. he`s about 180cm.

11 Not much.just busy as usual.And how is life treating you?

12 Don`t worry, there will be loads of it waitting for us when we get back.

13 That was exactly how I felt when I was inching along the highway.

14 I never said I was drivivg alone.

15 She till likes playing basketball Her hero is Michael Jordan.

16 And disappeared up the chimney and called out the names of his reindeer."On Dancer,on Prancer"

17 On the night before Christmas all through the house not a creature was stirring ,not even a mouse...

18 He filled all the stockings.put presents under the tree...

19 Oh no! You know I have exercising!

20 What do you mean?I`ll be sitting next to you while we are eating.

21 It feels so good to be on my feet and walking again.

22 That was exactly how I felt when I was inching along the highway.

23 Yeah!He is waking this way.

24 I never said I was driving alone.

2 Answers

Rating
  • PONY
    Lv 7
    9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1 I`m going to the shopping mall to buy a new CD.

    be going to 是慣用語表示「將要」,going在此是現在分詞;the shopping mall 的shopping是把shop的動名詞拿來當形容詞用。

    2 I`m afraid I`d have trouble saying those names.

    Sb has trouble (difficulty) in doing Sth是慣用語表示「做某事有困難或不方便」,in在此常被略去,doing在此是動名詞 (因在介系詞後)。

    3 I`m look forward to seeing you soon

    to look forward to doing Sth是慣用語表示「期待做某事」,doing在此是動名詞 (因在介系詞to後)。

    4 When driving, drivers tend to think they are in control. But when they drive carelessly, they are putting their lives in the hands of those who can not control.

    When driving 可還原成When drivers are driving,因這個子句的主詞,和後面子句drivers tend to…是用相同主詞,所以就可簡化成原句 (略去連接詞When和主詞drivers和be動詞are)。driving,putting 在此皆是現在分詞 (因是現在進行式)。

    5 No, I`m just browsing. browsing在此是現在分詞(因是現在進行式)。

    6 Well,I`m hanging in there. hanging在此是現在分詞(因是現在進行式)。

    7 Well, not bad .things are going quite well. going在此是現在分詞(因是現在進行式)。

    8 Hi, how are you doing ?

    doing在此是現在分詞(因是現在進行式)。

    9 I like going to yard sales .It`s a great way to find something you need and save a few bucks at the same time.

    going在此是動名詞,因它緊接在前一個動詞like之後。

    10 hey. look at that one over there carrying a suitcase. he`s about 180c m . carrying在此是現在分詞,原句可還原成 look at that one…(who are) carrying,表示看到那個人的時候,他正在「進行搬運的動作」(因是現在進行式)。

    11 Not much. just busy as usual. And how is life treating you? treating在此是現在分詞(因是現在進行式)。

    12 Don`t worry, there will be loads of it waiting for us when we get back. 在此是動名詞,因它緊接在前一個動詞there will be之後。

    13 That was exactly how I felt when I was inching along the highway. inching在此是現在分詞(因是過去進行式)。

    14 I never said I was driving alone. driving在此是現在分詞(因是過去進行式)。

    15 She till likes playing basketball Her hero is Michael Jordan.

    playing在此是動名詞,因它緊接在前一個動詞like之後。(同第9題)

    16 And disappeared up the chimney and called out the names of his reindeer. "On Dancer, on Prancer" 題目打漏字了嗎?

    17 On the night before Christmas all through the house not a creature was stirring ,not even a mouse...

    stirring在此是現在分詞(因是過去進行式)。

    2011-11-07 16:11:41 補充:

    18 He filled all the stockings. put presents under the tree...

    沒有任何動名詞或現在分詞

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  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    Your coat needs mending.

    句型:S + V + O,因為動詞 needs 需要受詞來承接其動作,所以 mending

    是動名詞

    I stand reading a book.

    句型:S + V + SC,因為不及物動詞 stand 不需要受詞來承接其動作,所以 reading 是現在分詞當主詞補語,另外 I stand by you.其中by you當副詞可有可無

    句型:S + be + Ving---,I am reading a book. 是現在進行式,reading屬於現在分詞

    其次有些分詞片語及分詞構句都屬於現在分詞-----------

    2011-11-07 12:36:59 補充:

    1 I`m going to the shopping 〈動名詞〉mall to buy a new CD.

    2 I`m afraid I`d have trouble 〈省略in〉saying〈動名詞〉 those names.

    3 I`m lok forward to seeing〈動名詞,因to是介詞〉 you soon

    4 When driving 分詞片語屬於現在分詞

    they are putting their lives 句型:S + be + Ving---, 是現在進行式,puting屬於現在分詞-------

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