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A principle component or components of the immune system is/are the

A) skin

B) blood vessels

C) spleen

D) thyroid gland

2. The first line of defense of the body against infectious organisms includes the

A) lymphatic system

B) T-helper cells

C) spleen

D) skin

3. An example of active acquired immunity results from the

A) pneumonia vaccine

B) infusion of IVIG

C) infusion of tetanus immunoglobulin

D) coral snake antivenom immunoglobulin

4. Immunity resulting from contracting an infection is called

A) passive acquired immunity

B) artificial active acquired immunity

C) passive artificial acquired immunity

D) natural active acquired immunity

5. The most effective vaccines are made from

A) inactivated pathogens

B) living organisms

C) toxins

D) extracts

6. An example of passive immunity is

A) antibodies being given from mother to fetus through colostrum

B) the pneumococcal vaccine

C) the tetanus toxoid

D) the hepatitis B vaccine

7. What is true regarding passive immunity?

A) It provides lifelong protection.

B) It lasts longer than active immunity.

C) It is not permanent.

D) It results from the administration of a vaccine.

8. Vaccines should be considered to be a(n)

A) natural acquired immunity

B) natural passive acquired immunity

C) artificial active immunity

D) artificial passive immunity

9. The most common type of reaction to a vaccine is

A) local

B) systemic

C) allergic

D) anaphylaxis

10. The least common and most severe reaction to a vaccine is

A) local

B) systemic

C) allergic

D) idiosyncratic

11. Which vaccine is usually given annually to susceptible individuals?

A) polio

B) diphtheria

C) tetanus

D) influenza

12. Pertussis, an acute infectious disease caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, is also called

A) mumps

B) chickenpox

C) measles

D) whooping cough

13. Which hepatitis vaccine is recommended for at-risk medical personnel?

A) Hepatitis A vaccine

B) Hepatitis B vaccine

C) Hepatitis C vaccine

D) Hepatitis D vaccine

14. A chronic disease that develops over years as a result of a deficiency in total caloric intake is called

A) kwashiorkor

B) cretinism

C) marasmus

D) pellagra

15. Good cholesterol is known as

A) LDL

B) HDL

C) VLDL

D) triglycerides

16. Amino acids that must be derived from dietary sources and cannot be synthesized by the body are called

A) essential amino acids

B) dietary amino acids

C) nonessential amino acids

D) nonsynthesized amino acids

17. Protein is needed for the formation of

A) enzymes

B) hormones

C) antibodies

D) all of the above

18. Excessive consumption of carbohydrates may lead to

A) obesity

B) kwashiorkor

C) kidney damage

D) both a and c

19. Cholesterol is primarily produced in what organ?

A) kidneys

B) gallbladder

C) pancreas

D) liver

20. Water-soluble vitamins include

A) Vitamin A

B) Vitamin C

C) Vitamin D

D) Vitamin E

21. Which vitamins are least likely to cause adverse effects when taken in overdose?

A) Vitamin B complex

B) Vitamin D

C) Vitamin E

D) Vitamin A

22. Which vitamin is important for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus?

A) Vitamin C

B) Vitamin D

C) Vitamin K

D) Vitamin B complex

23. An antigen is also called a(n) ____________________.

24. The act of giving an injection or other form of antibody to protect an individual from an infectious disease is called ____________________.

25. A(n) ____________________ is a condition in a recipient that greatly increases the chances of a serious adverse reaction when a drug is given.

26. A(n) ____________________ is a condition in a recipient that greatly increases the chances of an adverse event when a drug is given.

27. The most common test for tuberculosis is called the ____________________ or tine test.

28. An excessive intake of toxic amounts of one or more vitamins, especially over long periods, is called ____________________.

29. A pathological state resulting from a relative or absolute deficiency or excess of one or more essential nutrients is called ____________________.

30. ____________________ is a chronic disease resulting from a deficiency in total caloric intake; depletion of fat and skeletal protein occurs to meet the metabolic needs of the body.

31. An acute process that develops within weeks due to poor protein intake with adequate or slightly inadequate caloric intake is called ____________________.

32. Delivery of nutrients through a gastrointestinal (GI) tube, or the ingestion of food orally, is called ____________________.

33. Nutrition that is supplied via the peripheral or central venous routes to meet the metabolic needs of the patient is called ____________________.

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2 Answers

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  • BioLiz
    Lv 7
    9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    A principle component or components of the immune system is/are the

    C) spleen

    2. The first line of defense of the body against infectious organisms includes the

    D) skin

    3. An example of active acquired immunity results from the

    A) pneumonia vaccine

    4. Immunity resulting from contracting an infection is called

    D) natural active acquired immunity

    5. The most effective vaccines are made from

    B) living organisms

    6. An example of passive immunity is

    A) antibodies being given from mother to fetus through colostrum

    7. What is true regarding passive immunity?

    C) It is not permanent.

    8. Vaccines should be considered to be a(n)

    C) artificial active immunity

    9. The most common type of reaction to a vaccine is

    A) local

    10. The least common and most severe reaction to a vaccine is

    D) idiosyncratic

    11. Which vaccine is usually given annually to susceptible individuals?

    D) influenza

    12. Pertussis, an acute infectious disease caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, is also called

    D) whooping cough

    13. Which hepatitis vaccine is recommended for at-risk medical personnel?

    Hepatitis B

    17. Protein is needed for the formation of

    D) all of the above

    22. Which vitamin is important for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus?

    B) Vitamin D

    27. The most common test for tuberculosis is called the Mantoux (or PPD) or tine test.

    30. Malnutrition is a chronic disease resulting from a deficiency in total caloric intake; depletion of fat and skeletal protein occurs to meet the metabolic needs of the body.

    32. Delivery of nutrients through a gastrointestinal (GI) tube, or the ingestion of food orally, is called oral nutrition/delivery/administration

    .

    33. Nutrition that is supplied via the peripheral or central venous routes to meet the metabolic needs of the patient is called parenteral administration.

  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

    No, of course not. There are thousands of legal prescription drugs in the U.S., and you can't expect a pharmacy to have them all. If a pharmacy does not normally carry a drug, it can normally get the drug within a week.

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