Anonymous asked in Society & CultureReligion & Spirituality · 8 years ago

Differentiation in religion.?

2. Judaism, Christianity and Islam are considered the three major monotheistic religions in the world. How are their concepts of God similar and where do they differ? Each tradition is a “religion of the book.” What role do the sacred scriptures play in each? How does each describe the human struggle in life? What is the “plan” of salvation? Why are they called “Abrahamic” religions? What is “unique” about each, and how does each provide “purpose” for living?

4 Answers

  • 8 years ago
    Best Answer

    Not enough room here for each but I will take one. Salvation:

    Islam: The Quran rejects the notion of redemption, salvation depends on a man's actions and attitudes However, tauba (repentance) can quickly turn an evil man toward the virtue that will save him. So Islam does not hold out the possibility of salvation through the work of Allah but invites man to accept Allah's guidance. "Every man's actions have we hung around his neck, and on the last day shall be laid before him wide-open book" The Quran has vivid descriptions of both heaven adn hell. Heaven is depicted in terms of worldly delights, and the torments of hell are shown in lurid detail. Muslims disagree as to whether those descriptions are to be taken literally or not.

    Judaism: Ones eternal existence in the hereafter is determined by moral behavior and attitudes. Although there ais not Christian notion of saving grace in Judaism, it is taught that God always offers even the most evil men the possibility of repentance , "teshive", turning. After each repentance one can atone for ones rebellion against God's ways by positive action. But the notion of individual salvation and heavenly existence is not prominent in Judaism. The notion of an afterlife is not well understood. Jews still hope for the coming of the Messiah, who will hand out eternal judgment and reward to all. In the end the moral life of man here on earth is considered the most proper concern of man; final judgments are best left to God.

    Christian: In Christianity, the human problem is sin, which not only causes suffering in this life but could lead to eternal suffering in the next life. The solution, then, is salvation from sin, temporal suffering, and eternal suffering. According to Christian belief, salvation is made possible by the life, death, and resurrection of Christ, which in the context of salvation is referred to as the "atonement."Put simply, sin is the failure to live up to God's standards. It is the disobedience of both God's external commands and ones internal awareness of good and evil (Romans 2:14-16). But it is more than just breaking rules - sin's roots lie in ones character, so that one not only commits sins but also has a sinful nature. Christians believe that it was the sin of Adam and Eve (the first humans) that brought physical death into the world and perhaps also natural disasters and illness. For everyone after Adam and Eve, sin leads to such things as sorrow, suffering, and violence. sin results in separation from God, both in this life and the next. God is good, perfect, and just, and so sin by its nature prevents a right relationship with God. Therefore sinners cannot enjoy the full benefits of knowing God in this life, such as peace, comfort and help in times of trouble. They also cannot spend eternity in God's presence. But there is good news. (This could also be added to the Judaism belief) In Judaism, before the Temple was replaced by the synagogue, a central part of Jewish practice was animal sacrifice. As in many other ancient religions, Jews believed that the blood of the sacrificed animal paid the penalty for human sins. Old Testament prophets often pointed out, however, that such sacrifice was worthless without true repentance (Isaiah 1:10-17, Hosea 6:6). This existing idea of sacrifice was then applied to Christ's death in the New Testament, which, it will remembered, was written almost exclusively by Jews. Thus Romans 3:25 declares that "God presented him [Christ] as a sacrifice of atonement" and 1 John 2:2 states, "He is the atoning sacrifice for our sins." In the Gospel of John, Jesus is specifically likened to the Passover lamb (see John 19:14,36). The idea is that Christ, being innocent, was a perfect blood sacrifice that took away the sins not just of one person or one congregation, but the whole world. Simply said christians believe that there is one God, who sent His Son as a sacrifice for man (who could not achieve it on his own) and through this Son Jesus man can be cleansed of his sin and achieve eternal life. Heaven is the final destination. Heaven is where God is. In Heaven there will be no pain, sickness, sorrow, tears, violence or fears. Scripture-Is.45:22; Acts 17:26-28; Is 53:6;,Romans 5:7-8; 2Cor. 5:19,21; Jn.3:16. Eph.28:9

    Hope this helps.

  • 8 years ago

    You would fare much better if you would ask these points in separate questions, as they cannot be given justice in something that we can type in less than 10 minutes.

    They are called Abrahamic because the start of these religions was Abraham, the first Jew. Christianity started as a branch-off of Judaism. Islam claims to be as ancient as Judaism but in reality was also a branch of Judaism, with a few Christian roots.

    They all believe in a single, unique G-d (although Christians view Him as a Trinity, part of a very long discussion) who created the world, rules it, judges all, punishes the wicked, offers eternal life, and rewards the just. They have similar views of heaven. Jews and Christians have similar Bibles (only the "Old Testament" for Jews). All three religions venerate their Bibles and use them as guides for living.

    They differ when it comes to plan of salvation. Most of the various Christian faiths believe that only those who believe in their faith will get into heaven. Jews and Moslems believe that all can get into heaven based on a package and not a single issue.

  • Anonymous
    8 years ago

    You *need* to refer to your instructional materials to find the desired answer to this question. Why do I say so? Because the question contains clear religious bias. The question - therefore - can only be answered in the way that the teacher desires by employing that same religious bias - and that same religious bias (the teachings that you are supposed to learn) is not likely to be found readily here on Y!A.

    - Jim,

  • 8 years ago

    watch this video:

    Youtube thumbnail


    Source(s): Theist
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