Andy asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

請問一下這句子的特性已使用方法~~~

在TOEIC的試題中

關於使役動詞的選擇題

The firm wants its product pakaged safely and in a timely manner; otherwise it will seek an alternative shipper.

選答案是 pakaged

請問一下 這是表被動的意思不是麼?? 選項中有 be pakaged 為什麼不是正確答案??

能解釋麼??

5 Answers

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  • 9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    The firm wants its product packaged safely and in a timely manner;

    otherwise it will seek an alternative shipper.

    選答案是 packaged

    請問一下 這是表被動的意思不是麼?? 選項中有 be packaged 為什麼不是正確答案??

    能解釋麼??

    版主有拼錯字, 已為您訂正.

    很簡單, 因為wants不是使役動詞, 後面不能用原式V,

    也就是不可省略to:

    The firm wants its product (to be) packaged safely and in a timely manner; ....

    括號內的to be 可省略.

    要嘛用to be packaged, 要嘛用packaged

    就是不能用be packaged.

    英文的使役動詞只有三個: let, make, have.

    這三個後面的受詞補語表主動語意要用原式V (省略to的不定詞).

    感官動詞後面也有類似用法.

    至於後面可接被動語意Vpp的動詞, 除了使役動詞與感官動詞以外可就多了, 例如:

    want, hope, expect, need, require, cause, demand, order, suggest, propose,......等等.

    2011-10-30 22:18:47 補充:

    表「要求」、「命令」、「建議」、「堅持」等語意的動詞, 後面用VR 或be Vpp是以子句型態當受詞的情況, 是should VR與should be Vpp省略should的結果.

    但版主這發問討論的不是以子句為受詞, 而是受詞補語的情況.

    版主所問的受詞補語型態:

    The government demands it done twice a month. (O)

    PONY所講解的子句型態:

    The government demands (that) it (should) be done twice a month. (O)

    2011-10-30 22:28:54 補充:

    再舉一例: 將軍下令他入獄一週.

    版主所問的受詞補語型態:

    The general ordered HIM jailed for a week. (O) <---省略to be

    PONY所講解的子句型態:

    The general ordered (that) HE be jailed for a week. (O) <----省略should

    請注意主格、受格有別.

    2011-11-02 11:12:52 補充:

    多謝Louis大師一針見血指出PONY大的第二段的子句用法不符發問者所問的重點.

    發問者問的是「受詞」補語用法而非子句用法, 即使動詞是「要求」、「命令」、「建議」、「堅持」類, 仍應用to be packaged(不可省略to) 或packaged(省略to be).

    2011-11-02 11:20:56 補充:

    我再強調一次, 受詞補語所用的不定詞片語, 會省略to的只有使役動詞與感官動詞.

    表「要求」、「命令」、「建議」、「堅持」類的動詞後面的受詞補語不可省略to, 只有子句型態會用V原式, 但這也不是省略to, 而是省略should.

    Source(s): *Infinito = 無極*
  • 9 years ago

    2位回答者講的都沒錯,但無極的說法更清楚些。

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    本人讚同[無極]的解說。本句的受詞補語只能用過去分詞packaged或有to的不定詞to be packaged。

  • 9 years ago

    PONY 寫的真好 寫的真好

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  • PONY
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    是的,packaged在原句是表示「被包裝」(被動語態)。類似的句子有:

    Israel also wants the Golan Heights demilitarized. 想要戈蘭高地(被解除軍事裝備設施)

    如果原句的want, 改成其他的動詞,如"ask," "command," "demand," "insist," "order," "recommend," "require," "suggest,"等等,具有「要求」、「命令」、「建議」、「堅持」等語意者,那麼答案就成了 be packaged。例:

    The committee demanded that the bill be passed immediately.

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