The Seventh Amendment (Amendment VII) to the United States Constitution, which is part of the Bill of Rights, codifies the right to a jury trial in certain civil cases. The Supreme Court has not incorporated the right to a jury trial in certain civil cases to the states under the Fourteenth Amendment. The Court ruled however in The Justices v. Murray, 76 U.S. 9 Wall. 274 (1869) that the clause of the Amendment prohibiting the re-examination of any fact found by a jury is not only restricted in its application to suits at common law tried before juries in courts of the United States, but applies also equally to a case tried before a jury in a state court.
The Seventh Amendment to the U.S. Constitution reads:
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
ERROR to the Circuit Court for the Southern District of New York; the case being thus:
Patrie brought a suit for an assault and battery and false imprisonment against Murray and Buckley in the Supreme Court of the Third District of New York; to which the defendants pleaded the general issue, and pleaded further as a special defence that the said Murray was marshal of the Southern District of New York, and the said Buckley his deputy; and that, as such marshal, he, Murray, was, by order of the President, on or about the 28th August, 1862, directed to take the plaintiff into custody; that the said Buckley, as such deputy, was directed by him, the marshal, to execute the said order; and that, acting as such deputy, and in pursuance of his directions, he, Buckley, did, in a lawful manner, and without force or violence, take the said Patrie into custody; that during all the time he was in custody he was kept and detained in pursuance of said order of the President, and not otherwise.