致軒 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

請教兩個英文句子分析

1.

[The sheer scale of the investment it took to begin commercial expansion at sea] reflects.....

麻煩分析一下這個超長的主詞...尤其是investment 名詞後面忽然接一個代名詞it感覺看不懂,it後面took to begin commercial expansion 是關代???

2.

New types of ships were needed, [new methods of finding one's way, new techniques for financing so vast a scheme.]

逗點後面都沒看到動詞,不懂這邊有用啥結構嗎? new techniques for financing so vast a scheme 這句也不知道怎麼分析

感謝

選回答最詳盡者(每個小問題都有回答到的)

Update:

關係代名詞是關係子句的受詞時,可以省略

所以關係子句那句還原是:it took [the sheer scale of the investment ] to begin commercial expansion at sea 這樣嗎??

這樣的話,it 在這邊是代表誰呢?

2 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.

    [The sheer scale of the investment it took to begin commercial expansion at sea] reflects.....

    麻煩分析一下這個超長的主詞...尤其是investment 名詞後面忽然接一個代名詞it感覺看不懂,it後面took to begin commercial expansion 是關代???

    關係代名詞是關係子句的受詞時,可以省略.本句是省去了that:The sheer scale of the investment that it took to begin commercial expansion at sea ...

    2.

    New types of ships were needed, [new methods of finding one's way, new techniques for financing so vast a scheme.]

    逗點後面都沒看到動詞,不懂這邊有用啥結構嗎? new techniques for financing so vast a scheme 這句也不知道怎麼分析

    平行的結構,有時可以將後面相同的部分省略:

    New types of ships were needed, new methods of finding one's way were needed, new techniques for financing so vast a scheme were needed.

    2011-11-02 06:45:10 補充:

    it是代表前一句裡的一個名詞(可能是該句的主詞)

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    [The sheer scale of the investment(which) it took to begin commercial expansion at sea] reflects.....

    是關代用法

    2.

    New types of ships were needed, [new methods of finding were one's way, new techniques for financing were so vast a scheme.]

    相同動詞的省略,英文精簡用法------

    2011-10-27 15:51:09 補充:

    請修正為:The sheer scale of the investment(which) took to begin commercial expansion at sea reflects.....

    還原是:that the sheer scale of the investment took to begin commercial expansion at sea (S)+reflects (V)--------

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