Rachel asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 9 years ago

What are some Civil War Facts?

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  • 9 years ago
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    Good grief, how long have you got? It was the most horrible time the nation has gone through. 662,000 men (and a few women) lost their lives in battle. General Grant once owned a slave - he inherited the man, and not long after, gave the man his freedom. The biggest killer of soldiers during the Civil War - hopefully, you're asking about the American Civil War - was not battle but disease. Of every man who died in the army on either side, two died of disease for every battle casualty. The most common killer disease was diarrhea, due to contaminated drinking water. Another major factor in the disease rate was extremely poor food. And a third was the profound lack of medical knowledge held by physicians of the era. Some of the medicines they prescribed were poisons, for cripes sakes! Calomel, blue mass...

    The 54th Massachusetts was not the first nor the only Union regiment made up of black men. The 1st and 2nd Kansas Volunteer Cavalry were black units (with white officers) more than a year before the 54th MA regiment was formed (that was the regiment celebrated in the movie "Glory") The two Kansas units whipped a powerful Confederate army at the Battle of Honey Springs in Indian Territory (later to become the state of Oklahoma, where I was born).

    The Civil War marked the first time railroads saw extensive use to transport troops. The Union naval blockade was actually illegal under international maritime law. Lincoln illegally arrested and imprisoned some people at the outset of the war and illegally suspended the Writ of Habeas Corpus.

    The only woman ever to be awarded the Medal of Honor (note there is no such thing as the "Congressional" Medal of Honor) was Dr. Mary Edwards Walker of Oswego, New York. A federal commission rescinded the award, but Dr. Walker refused to give it back. President Jimmy Carter formally restored the medal to her posthumously.

    Fewer than a dozen black Confederate soldiers are known to have served, and of these, only two appear to have actually fired weapons in battle. Both turn out to have been slaves who accompanied their masters into battle and wore Confederate uniforms that their masters bought for them. One of these was so loyal that when his master was killed in battle, he took the body back to be buried in their home town cemetery, rather than take off into freedom as he well could have.

    The Confederate Congress did indeed authorize the forming of black regiments to fight with the Confederate army, and appear to have enticed just under 900 black men to enlist. These men did begin training for battle, but the Civil War ended before they ever saw a battlefield. Conversely, the Union navy was integrated from the very beginning of the Civil War.

    The term "shoddy" comes from the uniforms that were made of discarded clothing and rags that made such an inferior cloth that the uniforms literally melted off the mens' backs the first time they got wet in the rain. This material was made by war profiteers in the North - one reason such profiteers are held in such low regard even today.

    A large cannon snuck into the swamps and used as a weapon of terror against the citizens of Charleston was called "the swamp angel". It burst after firing fewer than 40 shells. A 7-inch-bore Confederate cannon that wreaked havoc on Union gunboats attempting to attack up the Mississippi River was called "Whistling Dick". It was used to fire iron cannonballs heated red hot in a furnace - which cannonballs set the Union vessels on fire when they hit them and lodged inside.

    Antietam, in September of 1862, saw the bloodiest single day of fighting in any American war. Gettysburg's total casualties numbered more than fifty thousand over the three days of fighting there.

    Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address infuriated a good many Northern senators and congressmen when he proposed no punitive measures against the South once the war was over.

    There ya go: that help with your homework?

  • smiddy
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    The Civil warfare grew to become into no longer approximately slavery. American Indians held slaves even after the warfare and seperate treaties have been made to unfastened those slaves. those treaties took something like seven years to end. Arlington Cemetary grew to become into created on regularly occurring Lee's sources. there have been riots in manhattan protesting the draft. One 0.33 of the troops that died had died from ailment and not try against. President Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus with out consulting Congress. the 1st actual conflict of the Civil warfare (the 1st conflict of Bull Run) grew to become into in actuality a social gathering because of the fact a brilliant civilian picnic grew to become into overlooking the conflict until eventually the Union troops misplaced and then panic insued. President Lincoln reported he could sign all costs provided by utilising Congress as long as they did no longer intrude in the Civil warfare.

  • 5 years ago

    Lincoln did not illegally suspend the Writ of Habeas Corpus. Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended (by the legislature) unless in cases of rebellion or Invasion that the public safety may require it. Lincoln acted with in his Constitutional Powers by deeming it "necessary and proper" to imprison rioting Irish in Boston who were inflicting great harm against the black citizens. This occurred after the draft was instated in the US held states and the newly immigrated Irish felt they were being forced to fight to free slaves who would come North and take the jobs away from them. Riots broke out in New York as well. Lincoln declared it needed to be stopped right away and so he suspended Habeas Corpus.

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