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Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

為何 looking at後面要加a, 而不是looking

1:They are looking at a picture and talking.(她們正邊看照片邊談

話)←中文是自修翻的

2:There are many people exercising in the park.(公園裡有許多人在

運動) 3:I see a clown and a dancer,and many people are looking at them.

(我看到一個小丑和一個舞着,並且很多人在看他們)4:They are having a lot of fun.(他們正玩的很開心)問題:

1:為何 looking at後面要加a, 而不是looking at picture,還是自修中

文翻錯了忘了加一張(她們正邊看一張照片一邊談話)?

有人解答是"在此當冠詞,並非當數目"這句話我還是不懂 可以請高手解說白話一點嘛 謝謝2:為何第一句的many people exercising 中間不加are?就像第二題

的句子many people are looking at,many people 後面有加are 而

第一句的 many people 後面卻沒有加are?3:They are having a lot of fun.第3句為何have會加ing?

3 Answers

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  • 9 years ago
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    They are looking at a picture and talking.(她們正邊看照片邊談

    話)←中文是自修翻的

    picture是可數名詞,可數名詞在句中要表現完全,可以是特指的my picture, this picture或是泛指的 a picture, pictures等等,總之用到可數名詞時,要記得表逹完整的含意。如:a book, the book, this book, thoese books, books等等

    2:There are many people exercising in the park.(公園裡有許多人在

    運動)

    there is /there are 中文意思是“有” there並不是主詞,這種句型文法稱為there be句型。主詞是在be動詞之後,所以be動詞要依後面的主詞變化。be + V-ing是進行式。

    3:I see a clown and a dancer,and many people are looking at them.

    (我看到一個小丑和一個舞着,並且很多人在看他們)

    look是個不及物動詞,若後要受詞,必須有個介詞跟在後才能放受詞(受詞的詞性是名詞類的)。look at + 名詞。 them 是人稱代名詞they的受格,受格的位置是在介詞後或動詞後。如上題的picture也是名詞,用法相同。

    4:They are having a lot of fun.(他們正玩的很開心)

    同樣是be + V-ing進行式的問題“正在....”

    英文的單詞代表它在句中的用法,每一個詞性都有它自身在句中的位置。這需要時間理解,加油!

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  • 9 years ago

    1)a picture是泛指一般的圖畫,所以picture前面用a,不加冠詞的話就要語尾加s或es。

    2)There are many people exercising in the park.這句裡面many people的前面已經有are了。

    There are many people excising in the park.

    =There are many people who are excising in the park.

    Many people are looking at a picture and talking.這句裡面many people 前面沒有there are,所以many people+are looking......。

    3)They are having a lot of fun.是

    They have a lot of fun 的(現在)進行式用法,所以

    have+ing。

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  • 9 years ago

    1. Since it is ONLY ONE picture,

    If they are looking at MANY pictures, then it will be

    They are looking at pictures and talking.

    2.if you want to have "are",

    you shall write the sentence as:

    There are many people who are exercising in the park.

    but to make sentence concise, you can omit it. "who are exercising is an adj clause, so you can omit "who are", and use to describe "people".

    3.It is TWO simple sentences combine together by "and". Therefore, both sentences need a "verb".

    4. It is a present progressive, so you need to use "be + V+ing". if you want to use "present tense" you can write as :

    They have a lot of fun

    2011-10-24 12:20:47 補充:

    I don't like to explain with grammar, so I just briefly use some grammatical rules to explain it. Basically, you need to pay attention to the "tense" in each sentence, and following the rule for that particular tense.

    Source(s): self
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