You can join while in the Army as enlisted personnel or as a civilian. As a civilian your best option is to contact an Army Recruiter about enlisting on the Army Ranger Contract. The contract ensures your spot at Airborne School and assignment to the 75th Ranger Regiment to attend the Ranger Indoctrination Program (RIP)
As of 2011, soldiers wishing to to become eligible to join the 75th Ranger Regiment, prospective Rangers must be qualified in their Military Occupational Specialty and be Airborne qualified. New soldiers with Ranger contracts attend nine weeks of Basic Combat Training (BCT), followed by either Advanced Individual Training (AIT), while Infantrymen attend 13 weeks of One Station Unit Training (OSUT). Upon completion Of their advanced training, prospective Rangers attend a three week Pre-RASP preparatory course, before moving on to the eight week RASP I. Those who successfully graduate, RASP I attend United States Army Airborne School. Upon completion of the Basic Airborne Course, recruits then advance to a two week pre-Ranger course, known as, Small Unit Ranger Tactics, or SURT, and finally to the 8.5 week long Ranger School.
Airborne qualified soldiers then attend one of two Ranger Assessment and Selection Programs. Soldiers below the grade E-6 attend "RASP1" while all others attend "RASP2". All combat arms NCOs and officers must be Ranger-qualified prior to attending RASP2. Upon graduation of RASP1/RASP2, the new Rangers will be assigned to one of the three Ranger Battalions, the 75th Regimental Headquarters or the Ranger Special Troops Battalion (RSTB), where they are now authorized to wear the Ranger tan beret, the Ranger Scroll of their parent unit and the distinctive black physical training uniform. Before January 2010, RASP training was called the "Ranger Indoctrination Program" for soldiers below E-6 and "Ranger Orientation Program" for E-6's and above.
Career development encourages that all members of the 75th Ranger Regiment successfully complete Ranger School, earning the Ranger Tab. Soldiers in direct combat MOSs are not permitted to occupy leadership billets within the 75th Ranger Regiment without having graduated Ranger School. Graduating Ranger School is encouraged but not required for non-combat MOS leadership billets within the Regiment.
Throughout their time in Ranger Regiment, Rangers may attend many types of special schools and training. Some of these schools include but are not limited to: military free-fall; combat diver qualification course; survival, evasion, resistance & escape (SERE); jumpmaster; pathfinder; Combatives Instructor; first responder/combat lifesaver; language training; Mountain Warfare School; and many types of shooting, driving, and assault procedures training. Rangers with specialized jobs may also attend various special schools and training related to their job field. MOS 13F (forward observers) may attend naval gunfire training and close air support courses; medics will attend the special operations combat medic course; communications specialists attend joint communications courses.
Rangers are also trained in "do-it-yourself" emergency medicine. Based on the premise that 90% of deaths from wounds are suffered before reaching medical facilities and that there are not enough medics and doctors to go around the Regiment began to train Rangers to give themselves immediate, preliminary treatment. A 2011 study found a 3 percent death rate from potentially survivable causes in the 75th Regiment between October 2001 and April 2010. That compares with a 24 percent rate in a previously reported set of U.S. military deaths in Iraq and Afghanistan, which included troops who didn't have the Ranger-style training.
Being a USASOC unit, the Rangers maintain more stringent standards for their personnel. If at any point a Ranger is deemed by his superiors to be failing to meet these standards he may be relieved and removed from the Regiment. This is commonly referred to as being RFSed, short for "Released For Standards". A Ranger can be RFSed for virtually any reason, ranging from lack of motivation to disciplinary problems. Similarly, a Ranger physically incapable of performing his mission through prolonged illness or injury can also be removed from the Regiment through a process referred to as RFM or "Relieved For Medical reasons".
· 8 years ago