I am a student and I am planning to in investing in mutual funds....but the problem is i dont know anything ab?

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  • Anonymous
    9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    If you don’t want to spend a lot of time with your investments, Mutual funds can be the best solution.

    A Mutual fund will provide you with a good diversification and your money will be professionally managed.

    Unfortunately, like any investments, you must do your homework before investing. Basing your investment only on past performance will be foolish.

    How a mutual fund works?

    Open ended funds.

    The majority of mutual funds are open funds. Open funds continuously issue shares.

    Closed end funds.

    A closed end fund has a limited amount of shares.

    An investor can invest in a closed end fund by buying shares on a secondary market.

    Where to find mutual funds?

    You can find mutual funds on MorningStar’s website. (www.morningstar.com)

    How to buy a mutual fund?

    With a broker, online broker, your bank, directly submitting to the fund.

    Types of mutual funds:

    Money Market funds.

    Money market funds invest in short term paper like treasury bills (short term bonds, less than one year maturity).

    They are very safe but provide a modest performance. The performance for money market funds is correlated with short-term interests.

    Bond funds.

    Bond/fixed income funds invest in fixed income securities like bonds, Mortgage backed securities and asset backed securities.

    Equity funds.

    Equity funds invest principally in stocks. The performance is generated by capital appreciation and dividends.

    Equity funds can be divided in the following categories:

    Value fund, growth fund, sector fund, fund of funds.

    Balanced funds.

    Stocks and bonds compose balanced funds. A balanced fund can provide you a good diversification by buying only one fund.

    International funds.

    They have the advantage of investing worldwide. The principal drawback is that the fund manager must deal with various exchange rates.

    Indexed funds.

    If you believe that the fund managers are not able to beat the market.

    You can still invest in an index fund. The management fees are usually lower because the fund only follows an index.

    How to choose a Mutual fund?

    To elect a mutual fund you should look for the following items:

    Prospectus: an important document.

    In the prospectus, you will find the most important information on the fund.

    Fees

    Front load and back load. Avoid funds with front load and back load.

    Historically these fees were supposed to cover the marketing expenses.

    They can be very high up to 5% and sometimes more.

    Management fees and administration fees.

    Management fees are the fees you pay to the fund manager each year, they usually rank from 0.5% to 2%. Naturally, if you invest in a mutual fund, watch for the lower management fees. For example, investing in an index fund is interesting because the management fees are usually lower (around 0.5%)

    Administration fees are fixed fees of the fund (for custody and other administration expenses), you should pay again each year. Usually they are around 0.10 %.

    You can easily control the total amount of fees by looking at the expense ratio.

    Fund size.

    With a too small mutual fund, the fixed fees will represent a large part of the performance. If the fund suffers many redemptions it will be force to close.

    If the fund is too big, the fund manager will have some difficulties to put in place his strategy. For example, a lot of funds are closed to new investors. Like this the manager can pursue his strategy in a better environment.

    Age.

    The fund should have survived during various economics cycles.

    Fund manager.

    When investing with a mutual fund, you should check the fund manager credentials. Look for an experienced fund manager.

    Along with your investment, keep an eye if any turnover regarding the fund management team.

    Cash position.

    A mutual fund should always be fully invested otherwise you won’t get any performance but the fund manager will still get paid.

    To verify this point, you can refer to the prospectus.

    Portfolio turnover.

    Avoid funds with a high turnover ratio (churning). The portfolios with a high turnover provide less performance. As these funds buy and sell a lot of securities, the performance is generally less than stable portfolios.

    Net asset value (NAV).

    The net asset value is calculated by summing the portfolio assets less any liabilities (like the fees).

    The net asset value of a mutual fund is calculated periodically (every days, every months for example).

    Before buying a mutual fund, it is important to check if the price you pay is close to the NAV per share (the real value of the fund).

    Taxes

    Avoid buying fund before the distribution date.

    Avoid churning funds.

    It is better to invest in a tax deferred or tax exempt account like IRA or your 401(k).

    Source(s): www.yourportfolio101.com
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  • 9 years ago

    Hello sid!! It’s good to know that being a student you are thinking of making an investment in mutual fund. As you said, you aren’t aware about mutual fund schemes so it’s better for you to go with short term investment plan. Before that, try to collect as much information as possible about different types of mutual and its pro’s and con’s. Since, there are many different types of mutual funds schemes are available in the market and each gives you good returns along with certain risk attached to it. So, you need to figure out the market functionality and its probability. One more option for you is to speak to the financial houses such as reliance mutual fund, dsp black rock, hdfc mutual fund and so on… to suggest you some good investment schemes as per investment plan. In my opinion, I would say go with Systematic Investment Plan – it is considered to be the best investment option for beginner investor.

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  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    Invest in sectors with long tern economic growth. Emerging Markets and precious metals and commodities. Avoid ETF's and the US Stock markets. They are rigged against you by High Frequency Trading manipulation by the big Hedge Funds and Investment banks.

    Source(s): Experience
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  • 4 years ago

    ok, ok, what's your plan for making an investment interior the inventory industry? do you desire to purchase and carry or commerce? are you searching for short term helpful factors or long term helpful factors? something much less high priced.- the subject with much less high priced is that it may't be around for long. what you ought to be stricken approximately it helpful factors in % on your pick the flow. as an occasion an prolonged term investor is doing properly in the event that they make 10-15% in line with 3 hundred and sixty 5 days. so as ability that along with your $5000 which you will get approximately $500-$750 interior the 1st 3 hundred and sixty 5 days. merely right factor i will allow you to recognize is to study books and study web pages approximately making an investment or paying for and merchandising!! and dont decide for "structures" with grants of extensive helpful factors, they seem to be a techniques riskier then they make out.

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  • 9 years ago

    Mutual funds are highly diversified. That means there are many losing stocks whose losses will take away from the stocks that are profitable.

    Consider a few individual stocks. Read books about Warren Buffet. Also read about technical analysis.

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