Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsEarth Sciences & Geology · 8 years ago

primary effects of the eyjafjallajökull volcano eruption?

also secondary effects please?

2 Answers

  • Connie
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    The eruption, which began Wednesday, already is causing massive dislocation across Europe. By late Sunday, more than 63,000 flights had been canceled in 23 European countries, stifling the lifeblood of the continent's economy. Because few planes are flying, travelers can't travel, machinery parts can't get to factories, food sellers can't transport their goods, and businesses are finding business increasingly difficult to conduct. The economic ripples are being felt worldwide. In the USA, air carriers canceled 310 flights to and from Europe on Sunday, according to the Air Transport Association, which represents most major U.S. airlines. Because of the volcano, Kenya's hothouse flowers — responsible for 20% of that African nation's exports — are rotting in warehouses rather than winging their way to Europe.


    On the 15th of April, explosive eruption continued. Due to the continuous direction of the jet stream, the ash cloud (or plume) reached mainland Europe, forcing the closure of airspace over the UK, Scandanavia and much of mainland Europe.

    Several countries in Europe were dependent on freighted imports and within days following the closure, reports of shortages of flowers, fruits, electronic hardware were released. The pharmaceutical sector in Europe was also heavily hindered by the closure. Many drugs stocked in the UK were time sensitive and spoiled before they could be shipped to people worldwide.

    Transport and delivery companies such as FedEx and DHL also suffered losses as they were grounded throughout Europe, FedEx alone cancelled more than 100 flights. They were forced to transport goods to an alternate location and complete delivery by road, where possible.

    The travel firm TUI Travel reported losses of £5-6 million per day during the airspace closure due to travelers being unable to return home and in the UK alone, thirteen travel firms collapsed during the summer of 2010, with the ash cloud being the primary contributing factor.

    The volcano released approximately 0.15 million tonnes of CO2 each day, but the massive reduction of air travel occurring over European skies caused by the ash cloud, saved an estimated 1.3 to 2.8 million tonnes of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere by the 19th of April 2010.

    Farming In Iceland: On the 18th of April, following the explosive eruption, the Icelandic Food and Veterinary Authority released an announcement asking that all horse owners who keep their herds outside be on the alert for ash fall and where there is significant ash fall all horses must be sheltered indoors.

    Following the ash analysis, it was found it was high in fluoride content. High flouride eruptions pose a threat to livestock as it can lead to fluoride poisoning. Farmers were advised to avoid allowing livestock to drink from water sources contaminated by ash or lava.

    The final effect on farming, is that the ash that fell on many farms and pastures became wet and compact making it near impossible to continue farming on the land in the short term..

    A final local effect is the increase in “volcanic tourism” in the wake of the eruption. Local tour companies offered day trips to see the volcano.

  • 4 years ago

    i don't really know but what i can tell you is that there is a great offer on at Tesco at the minute you should check it out!

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.