How was Eritrea formed?

Were they split from Ethiopia?

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  • 9 years ago
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    Eritrea was awarded to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum.

    A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000.

    Eritrea currently hosts a UN peacekeeping operation that is monitoring a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone on the border with Ethiopia. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002 but final demarcation is on hold due to Ethiopian objections.

    http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/africa...

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13349078

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  • 9 years ago

    Yes, Eritrea was a country initially. Then colonized for long time by italy ( 52 years). After that, British declared a war with Italy and italy moves out from Eritrea. British colonized Eritrea for another 10 years, after that they handed Eritrea to their strong ally Ethiopia. Under the USA, UN, and British, Eritrea was added as a province of ethiopia for trade and security reason-- violating Eritreans right.

    Under Ethiopian gov ( dergi), Eritreans were treated brutally. Eritreans declared a war, without any external help while ethiopia was receiving all kind of aids( air crafts to military services) from Soviet Union, USA, and British. After 30 years of struggle, Eritrea won the war in 1991, and in 1993 gained its international recognition as an independent state.

    Tried to summarize as much as i can, the history goes on and on.

    But very remarkable history.

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