Nudism is about de-stressing, relaxing, and returning to innocence. It's about accepting yourself and others for who you are, how you act, and what you say rather than what you look like, own, or wear. It's the great human equalizer. It's not about seeing or being seen. It's enjoying the freedom from restricting clothing, like going barefoot all over.
Nudists or as others prefer to be called are generally nude when possible, clothed when practical.
The first nudist enclave in the US was at Cat Island near Beaufort, SC. It was created just months earlier than the one in the NJ/NY area.
The American Sunbathing Association's name was voted to change at annual convention held at Glen Eden in 1994 (August) to the American Assn. for Nude Recreation, not 1995 as was earlier reported in this thread. I was there. It may have taken effect, though, Jan. of 1995.
Private or home nudists are just that. Those who practice nudism privately or only at home. Social nudists are those who attend nudist clubs, beaches, parks, camps, and resorts.