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請問英文文法when

a paragraph is coherent when,its sentences are related to each other,not only in content but also in grammatical structures and choice of words.

請問一下為什麼when 後面加逗點,而不是直接用when its sentences are....

註:這是我在一本講義上見到的謝謝

3 Answers

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  • 9 years ago
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    A paragraph is coherent when, its sentences are related to each other, not

    only in content but also in grammatical structures and choice of words.

    我可以很肯定的指出, 您這本講義把本句的第一個逗號標錯了地方, 它應標在when的前面, 而不是後面, 因為如果標在when後面是表示要插入某內容在其後的兩個逗號之間, 而when跳過插入的內容卻無法連上後面的not only...but also... 這樣便說明了這兩個逗號並不是在作插入內容.

    同時, "its sentences are related to each other"變成無連接詞引導的獨立完整句子, 而獨立完整的句子是不可作為插入的, 否則整句會形成兩個主要動詞, 不合文法.

    所以整句應是:

    A paragraph is coherent, when its sentences are related to each other, not

    only in contents but also in grammatical structures and choice of words.

    翻譯

    當一個段落中的諸句間, 不僅語意內容而且文法結構與措詞用字都彼此相關時, 它便是協調段落.

    註: 本句是在注釋何謂「協調段落」(a coherent paragraph).

    甚至於這兩個逗號都可說是畫蛇添足的, 並非必要, 因為以句子的文法結構來看, 這兩個逗號之間的內容並不是插入補充的內容, 理由如下:

    1) 主要子句"A paragraph is coherent"是完整句, when開始到句尾是附屬子句, 有沒有第一個逗號都不影響主句與when子句的連接.

    2) 第二個逗號後面的not only到句尾是複合的副詞片語, 是修飾when子句的are, 而不是修飾主要子句的is; 既是副詞片語, 就可緊接在所修識句子的述部後面不必加逗號, 亦即第二個逗號可有可無.

    也就是說, 這兩個逗號的存在, 只是為了讓口氣停頓而已, 在文法上並無必要.

    以上的講解, 需要細心花點功夫來瞭解, 如有不明白, 請補充發問.

    2011-09-16 10:15:23 補充:

    To Shawn大:

    非也, 非插入句.

    2011-09-19 09:50:52 補充:

    To 大施

    非也, 如果when是指「當a paragraph is coherent時」, 那必須是"When a paragraph is coherent,..."

    哪有把連接詞放在連接對象後面的?

    2011-09-20 15:10:38 補充:

    大施, 你的意思是說, "When a paragraph is coherent,"

    可以寫成"A paragraph is coherent when,"嗎?

    別鬧了, 什麼英文文法編? 你寫的嗎?

    Source(s): *Infinito - 無極*
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  • 9 years ago

    是, 感謝指正.

    之前看報紙有時候會有類似這種文法不知道怎麼解釋或者怎麼都說不通的句子,

    不知道是記者的寫作風格還是...?

    如最近有看到再拿出來跟大家討論

    話說最近講義.課本什麼的一直出差錯?

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  • 9 years ago

    Parenthetic expression

    顧名思義乃將兩個逗點當作刮弧用

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