What is the culture of Slovakia?
- HarveyBLv 79 years agoFavorite Answer
The development of Slovak culture reflects the country's rich folk tradition, in addition to the influence of broader European trends. The impact of centuries of cultural repression and control by foreign governments is also evident in much of Slovakia's art, literature, and music.
There are 12 state scientific libraries in Slovakia, 473 libraries affiliated with universities and institutions of higher learning, and 2,600 public libraries. The University Library in Bratislava, founded in 1919, contains more than 2 million volumes and is the country's most important library. The Slovak National Library (1863), located in Martin, includes a collection of materials relating to Slovak culture.
Slovakia is also home to more than 50 museums. The Slovak National Museum (founded in 1893), located in Bratislava, contains exhibits on Slovak history, archaeology, and musicology, and is probably the country's best-known museum. Other museums include the Slovak National Gallery (1948), also in Bratislava; the Slovak National Uprising Museum (1955), located in Banska Bystrica; and the Museum of Eastern Slovakia (1872), in Kosice.
Historical Cultural Synopsis
The emergence of culture and of Slovak national literature came late in the European context.
Elements of the Slovakian spoken language appeared in literary texts during the centuries preceding the 18th century, but Anton Bernolak (1762-1813) was the first who attempted to create a literary language. Bernolak's language was used by two talented writers, Jozef Ignac Bajza (1755-1836), the author of the first Slovakian novel, and the famous classical poet Jan Holly (1785-1849), who wrote his epic poems in alexandrine verse in order to prove the Slovakian language malleable enough to be equal to complicated forms of ancient poetry.
The two main representatives of Slovakian literary classicism are the poet Jan Kollar (1795-1852) and the historian Pavel Jozef Safarik (1795-1861), even though both continued to write in Czech, their work belongs equally to Czech and Slovakian literary heritage.
Both writers adopted J.G. Herder's philosophical conception about the glorious future reserved to Slavs, and they became the most important promoters of Pan-Slavism. Holly, Kollar and Safarik greatly helped to awaken national conscience and showed the way to the creation of native literature.
The most prestigious personality of the 19th century is undoubtedly Ludovit Stur (1812-1856): writer, scholar and deputy in the Hungarian Diet. He was the main architect of the creation of a modern literary language (1844).
This language, based on the dialect from central Slovakia, was adopted by the entire nation. Inspired by the Helegian philosophy, he developed the concept of Slovakian romanticism, whose main characteristics are the pre-eminence of patriotic thought and the attachment to popular traditions.
During the difficult period of forced "Hungary-isation" that followed the missed revolution of 1848, a few writers endeavoured to maintain the morale of a population progressively stripped of its culture.
This situation delayed the advent of realism in Slovakia, and thus it is not before 1870 that a new generation of writers began to raise the level of Slovakian literature.
"Realistic" authors chose their subjects in contemporary life, rather than in the past. This is true for the poet Pavol Orszagh Hviezdoslav (1849-1921) and for the novelists Svetozar Hurban Vajansky (1847-1916) and Martin Kukucin (1860-1928).
At the beginning of the 20th century a literary group called "The Slovakian modernists" whose leader was the poet Ivan Krasko (1876-1958) stood out among the rest. His style is close to those of western symbolists yet exemplifying the worries of the poet for his peoples' fate.
Prevalent in this writing style and common to all the literary streams of 19th century Slovakia, is the constant concern to defend the very existence of the nation; its language and its culture.
The establishment of the Czechoslovakian republic (guaranteed by France with the treaty of Trianon) enabled young talented Slovaks to go France to continue their studies; the painters Imro Weiner-Kral and Ludovit Fulla were among them.
Guillaume Appolinaire and Andre Breton influenced young Slovakian poetry, whose most talented representatives were Vladimir Reisel, Jan Rak, Ctibor Stitnicky and Rudolf Fabry.
Impregnated with their French culture, many were the Slovakian writers like Alexander Matuska, Albert Marencin, Vladimir Minac and Jan Stevecky who contributed to bring the two countries closer together.
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- brinklyLv 44 years ago
There are 2 international places: the Czech Republic, and Slovakia. they are both in crucial Europe (the very centre of Europe, particularly) between 1918 and 1992 they were jointed as a unmarried united states of america, Czechoslovakia. They agreed (peacefully) to split back in 1992. The Czech language and the Slovakian language are distinct languages, even with if both component of a similar Slavic family contributors (resembling the way English and Dutch are both component of a similar Germanic family contributors of languages). both the Czech republic and Slovakia have performed significant roles in eu historic previous for over a million,000 years. The Christmas carol "good King Wenceslas" is about an act of Christmas kindness by using Wenceslaus, Duke of Bohemia interior the three hundred and sixty 5 days ad 926 (Bohemia is in Czech republic). In 1609, Rudolph II made Prague (capital of Czech republic) the captial of the Holy Roman Empire). It turned right into a significant centre of western attending to know and subculture. all over the realm, maximum cutting-side lager beer is made interior the "Pilsenser" form, first developed interior the city of Plzn in Czech Republic. Czechoslovakia had a thriving vehicle marketplace earlier it became shattered by using international conflict II. Skoda turned right into a nicely-beloved make of Czechoslovakian vehicle; and in cutting-edge years the Skoda vehicle business corporation is back regaining a number of its former glory. briefly - not in uncomplicated words are Czech Republic and Slovakia "western" cultures, they have been on the very heart of eu subculture for over a million,000 years, and helped to outline what it potential to be "western". wish it helps.
- Anonymous9 years ago
Rich in the cities, extremely poor in the rural area. Lot of Romas (gypsies)Source(s): been there