Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 8 years ago

if在名詞子句及副詞子具的用法

I don't know if my father will return next week.

I won't give him the money if he returns tomorrow.

有if的未來句子中

不是說V要以現在表未來嗎

為什麼上面的例子中

一個是用未來式will return

一個是用現在表未來returns呢

哪一個是名詞子句

哪一個是副詞子句

又該如何區分呢

3 Answers

Rating
  • 8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    基本上英文的句子是 S+V 但兩句話得有連接詞串連,被像when,if ,because..等

    從屬連接詞引導的句子叫附屬子句,另一句沒有連接詞

    引導的就稱主要子句。

    子句依功能分名詞、形容詞和副詞子句三種,形容詞子句即

    關係帶名詞who which that所引導的句子;名詞子句則由賴

    會疑所引導:

    賴=that

    會=whether or if

    疑=what when where who why whose which and how

    要如何判斷副詞子句,底下有一簡單的方法,及看它是否可

    被過肩摔而意義不變,例:

    I love Mary because she is honest.

    =Because Mary is honest,I love her. 另

    When John comes tomorrow,I will show him around.

    =I will show John around when he comes tomorrow. 你看把

    附屬子句甩來甩去其意不變,便可知它是副詞子句。再看

    I know when John will come tomorrow. 此句的附屬子句便不

    可被過肩摔。要注意的是由 when whether before after if 等所

    引導的副詞子句得以現在式代替未來式,但主要子句是未來式

    還是得用未來式。一般名詞子句的句型是如下:

    S+V+when(if whether who what...) +S+V......請進一步的參考

    以下各句:

    名詞子句:

    That 阿扁 is rich is true.

    We all know that 阿扁 is rich.

    We all know why 阿扁 is rich.

    副詞子句:

    I enjoy reading novels when I have free time.

    If it rains tomorrow, we won't go shopping.

    形容詞子句:

    I know the girl who has big eyes.

    I know the girl whose eyes are big.

    I know the girl whom you are talking about.

    I like the watch which works well.

    I like the watch which you bought yesterday.

  • 8 years ago

    1)I don't know if my father will return next week.

    2)I won't give him the money if he returns tomorrow.

    1)句中的if是「是否」,不是「如果」。

    2)「用現在表未來」是「條件句一型」───中性或有可能成為事實的「假設陳述」。

    1)是「名詞子句」。

    2)是「副詞子句」。

    Source(s): 顏斯華先生的「細說英文句型與作文文法」
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    8 years ago

    本人讚同Camel的解釋。

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