Explain this question for me, please.?
... Explain why Britain's success in defeating the French Empire laid the foundations for future failures in dealing with its colonial subjects.
- westsidedavidLv 610 years agoFavorite Answer
In 1756 to 1763, Britain and France fought the Seven Years' War. In the American colonies, now the United States, this was known as the French and Indian War. The English won this war, taking all of French Canada and the Bengal portion of India from the French and taking Florida from Spain.
The war had two serious consequences from England. First, the English colonists in America had been forced to fight much of this war on their own. Indeed, one of the most telling incident's in the war was the expedition by British General Edward Braddock to take Fort Duquesne (the site of modern Pittsburgh). Leading 1,300 "redcoats" Braddock used European tactics, trying to form his men into rigid formations, while the French and their Indian allies fought guerrilla style, shooting from the thick woods that made them invisible. Although Braddock probably outnumbered the French by more than two to one, his style of fighting merely meant that he provided easy targets for the French and their allies.
The result was a disaster. Braddock's losses included more than half of his men and most of his officers. Braddock himself died of wounds. The defeat would have been even greater but for the actions of the 300 or so Americans fighting with the British. They took cover when the fighting started, and returned fire effectively against the French.
When Braddock fell, British resistance collapsed. Facing in rout, George Washington, one of the leading Americans, took control of the situation. Only 23 and having no official position, he organized an effective rear guard that held the French off while he managed to pull the surviving British back in some order. He emerged as the man who saved what he could of the British force, making him a hero to whom the colonists look for leadership in battle a decade later.
The Braddock debacle and other military mishaps added to the frustration of the colonists. The colonists suffered from hit and run Indian attacks on the frontier, which the British could not effectively counter Indians who did not understand or adhere to the conventions of European war, where women and children were ostensibly non-combatants. To the Indians, all white settlers were a threat, and often all were killed. The colonists had to learn to fend for themselves, with negligible help from the British.
The war was largely won in major actions between the British and the imperial French forces. However, by fighting the war as they did, the Americans learned a great deal about military tactics and order, logistics, and the ability to organize themselves. Instead of being merely isolated colonists on the edge of the known world, the Americans took their first tentative steps toward true self-government. This was not a planned matter, but resulted from the simple necessity that the British could not help them effectively, so they fended for themselves.
When the war ended, the British found themselves facing a massive war debt. To pay this debt, Parliament imposed taxes in Britain. They also looked to the colonies to repay the debt, because operations in North America had been especially expensive. Moving entire armies across the Atlantic Ocean and supplying them in the wilderness in North America had been costly, and the British felt it was only reasonable that the colonists contribute to the repayment of the debt that had been incurred on their behalf.
To the Americans, this plea was unconvincing. The expensive British armies had not been truly effective in protecting colonists, even if they had conquered Canada. Britain already had its reward: Canada. If there were to be special taxes, the Americans insisted that they should be imposed only in discussion with the Americans. In other words, no taxation without representation. As a result, Britain found itself with colonists who were increasingly strident in insisting on their own rights while the home country regarded them as little more than petulant children.
- Anonymous4 years ago
All I wish for Christmas is my Two Front Teeth ( I had an twist of fate years in the past and the entrance have porcelin caps that have got to be transformed in approximately two months while I could have stored sufficient cash to switch them!)
- 10 years ago
british defeated french right? right. how did that effect their failure in the american revolution?
- 10 years ago
Here's your question and your answer