His tenure was a time of continuing inflation and recession, as well as an energy crisis. Carter signed Law H.R. 5860 aka Public Law 96-185 known as The Chrysler Corporation Loan Guarantee Act of 1979 bailing out Chrysler Corporation. He led the plan to deregulate the airline industry. He canceled military pay raises during a time of high inflation and government deficits. He declared amnesty to Vietnam draft dodgers. He encouraged energy conservation, installed solar panels on the White House, and wore sweaters while turning down the heat. While attempting to calm various conflicts around the World, most visibly in the Middle East resulting in the signing of the Camp David Accords, giving back the Panama Canal and signing the SALT II nuclear arms reduction treaty with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, the final year of his administration was marred by the Iran hostage crisis.
Carter delivered a televised "fireside chat" and declaring during the speech that the U.S. energy situation during the 1970s was the moral equivalent of war.
In 1978, Carter declared a federal emergency in the neighborhood of Love Canal in the city of Niagara Falls, New York. More than 800 families were evacuated from the neighborhood, which was built on top of a toxic waste landfill. The Superfund law was created in response to the situation. Federal disaster money was appropriated to demolish the approximately 500 houses, the 99th Street School, and the 93rd Street School, which were built on top of the dump and to remediate the dump and construct a containment area. Carter deregulated the American beer industry by opening access of the home-brew market back up to the craft brewers, making it again legal to sell malt, hops, and yeast to American home brewers for the since the effective 1920 beginning of Prohibition in the United States.
Carter decided the boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow in response to the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Carter was alienated from the Liberal left wing of the Democratic party which he attributed to Kennedy as his rival (Especially on Health Care), and when neither won, the tactic effectively delayed comprehensive health coverage for decades. He alienated liberal college students, who should have been his base, by re-instating registration for the draft. Carter's campaign for re-election in 1980 was one of the most difficult, and least successful, in history.