阿一ˋ asked in 社會與文化語言 · 10 years ago

關代、名詞子句英文文法問題

請問一下何謂同位語?何謂關代?同位語跟關代又有什麼關係呢??何謂名詞子句?其中差異在哪?是名詞子句是改第一個字?

舉個我會搞混的例子來說:

EX.

The toy which was made by john.

The toy was made by john.

The toy made by john.

請問這三句哪個是正確的?

因為我記得好像可以簡略(就是把關代還有BE動詞刪掉)

還有問兩個問題:

1.modern technology makes it easy ___people's privacy.

(A)invading (B)to invade 答案是B 但為什麼呢?

2.____makes his achievements truly amazing is that he is blind.

(A)that (B)it (C)which (D)what 答案是D 但我不知道它是要問什麼?

謝謝解答 感激不盡!!

Update:

請問LOUIS

為什麼第二題不能用ABC的答案呢??

還有"所以向後移動成為delayed object。"這句是什麼意思呢?

謝謝你

2 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    10 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    請問一下何謂同位語?何謂關代?同位語跟關代又有什麼關係呢??何謂名詞子句?其中差異在哪?是名詞子句是改第一個字?

    舉個我會搞混的例子來說:

    EX.

    The toy which was made by john.

    (這裡的which是關係代名詞,帶出一個關係子句,又稱形容詞子句,當修飾語,修飾先行詞toy。因為沒有主要子句,這句結構不完整,不能視為正確的句子。)

    The toy was made by john.

    (這是正確的句子,John的第一個字母要大寫,因為是專有名詞)

    The toy made by john.

    (這裡的動詞應有助動詞was,才能形成被動)

    請問這三句哪個是正確的?

    因為我記得好像可以簡略(就是把關代還有BE動詞刪掉)

    The toy which was made John is very beautiful.

    =The toy made by John is very beautiful.

    這種狀況的形容詞子句(當修飾語),可以改寫成分詞片語(還是修飾語)。

    同位語是名詞性質,不同於修飾語(形容詞或副詞性質)。

    如My friend John is an English teacher.

    這裡的John是my friend的同位語。

    還有問兩個問題:

    1.Modern technology makes it easy ___people's privacy.

    (A)invading (B)to invade 答案是B 但為什麼呢?

    這句的it是虛受詞(形式上的受詞)。真正的受詞是to invade people's privacy,因為比受詞補語easy長很多,所以向後移動成為delayed object。

    2.____makes his achievements truly amazing is that he is blind.

    (A)that (B)it (C)which (D)what 答案是D 但我不知道它是要問什麼?

    這句的主詞是一個名詞子句:What makes his achievements truly amazing。這裡的what是帶先行詞的關係代名詞,不是用來問問題的疑問字。what = the fact that。

    全句的意思:他是瞎子,這狀況讓他的成就更為神奇。

    2011-09-02 19:49:08 補充:

    第二題的選項中只有what是帶先行詞的關係代名詞。其它三個選項都不是。

    What makes his achievements truly amazing is that he is blind.

    = The fact that makes his achievements truly amazing is that he is blind.

    2011-09-02 19:55:03 補充:

    主詞和受詞太長時會向後延遲成為delayed subject和delayed object.

    如:It is fun to read. = To read is fun.

    It is difficult for me to learn a second language.

    = To learn a second language is difficult for me.

    2011-09-02 19:55:51 補充:

    I thought that to be out so late was strange for her.

    = I thought that it was strange for her to be out so late.

    = I thought it strange for her to be out so late.

    英文寫作有尾重原則,長的文字放句尾較自然。

  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

    到下面的網址看看吧

    ▶▶http://qoozoo201409150.pixnet.net/blog

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