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RK asked in Society & CultureLanguages · 10 years ago

Is there a grammar rule that dictates the following in Korean?

When are "니다" and "니까" used?

For example is there a grammatical reason as to why in these two words "감사합니다" and "안녕하십니까" - the endings "니다" and "니까" can not be switched from one to another?

Please elaborate as much as you want.....

1 Answer

  • RLee
    Lv 5
    10 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    합니다 means "do (polite)".

    하십니까 means "do you do? (polite)".

    One's a statement, the other is a question.

    "Thank you" is a statement, not a question."감사합니다."

    "Are you doing well?" is a question, not a statement. "안녕하십니까?"

    (Literally, it means something more like "Are you at peace? Nothing wrong, right?", but for all practical purposes, it means "Hello.")

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